Session: Poster Session: Surgical Site Infections: Trials and Tribulations
Saturday, October 25, 2008: 12:00 AM
Room: Hall C
Background: A prospective multicenter study was performed to make a surgical site infections (SSI) surveillance system for hip (HRA) and knee (KRA) replacement arthroplasties and gastrectomies (GAST) in Korea. The rates, risk factors, and clinical characteristics of SSI were evaluated. Methods: Demographic data, clinical and operative risk factors for SSI, and information of prophylactic antibiotic uses for the patients who took HRA/KRA and GAST in 7 and 5 hospitals, respectively were collected during July through December 2007. SSI surveillance for HRA/KRA and GAST was done for 1 year and 1 month after operations, respectively. All of the data were registered and analyzed in the web-based report and analysis program. Results: A total of 1,294 cases (HRA, 342; KRA, 453; GAST, 499) were monitored for SSI. The SSI rates of HRA, KRA, and GAST were 1.75 (6/342), 1.10 (5/453), and 4.41 (22/499) per 100 operations, respectively. Diabetes mellitus (DM) was more frequently accompanied and the dates of hospitalization before operations were longer in the infected group than the non-infected group of HRA. DM was more frequently found in the infected groups of KRA and GAST. Reoperation, emergent operation, and transfusion were more frequent in the infected group of GAST. Prophylactic antibiotics were used in 1,279 operations (99%) and started within 60 minutes before skin incision in 93% (1,190/1,279). The most frequently used antibiotics were 1st generation cephalosporins. Conclusions: This study showed that the web-based report and analysis program can be successfully applied to a nationwide SSI surveillance system in Korea.