Abstracts:
67. Infections In Pediatric & Perinatal Populations
Friday, October 22, 2010: 12:30 PM-2:00 PM

Target Audience: Academicians

Topical Category: P. Pediatric and perinatal infections

Tracks: Pediatric ID

CME Credits:

ACPE Credits:

ACPE Number:



Presentations:



491
Physicians' Attitudes Toward An Antimicrobial Stewardship Program at a Children's Hospital
Leslie Stach, PharmD, BCPS; Joshua Herigon, MPH; Jason Newland, MD

492
Validation of Electronic Surveillance of the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) Patients
Swati Prasad, MBBS; Justin Juskewitch; Carlos Santillan, MD; Ognjen Gajic, MD; W. Charles Huskins, MD, MSc



495
Microbiology and Risk Factors for Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection in Pediatric Oncology Outpatients
Matthew S. Kelly, M.D., M.P.H.; Margaret Conway, RN, BSN; Kathleen Wirth, B.A.; Gail Potter-Bynoe, BS, CIC; Amy Billett, M.D.; Thomas J. Sandora, MD, MPH


497
Diarrhea Mortality in Children Aged 5 to 14 Years in India
Shaun K. Morris, MD, MPH; Diego G. Bassani, PhD; Shally Awasthi, MD; Rajesh Kumar, MD; Prabhat Jha, MD, DPhil; the MDS Collaborators

498
Excessive Antibiotic Prescriptions for Children with Diarrhea: Neglect of Guidelines?
Kevin Spicer, MD, PhD; Wei Wang, MS; Kelly Kelleher, MD, MPH

499
Pediatric Post-Diarrheal Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (D+HUS) — United States, 1997–2009
Rajal K. Mody, MD, MPH; Ruth E. Luna, MPH; Mirasol M. Apostol, MPH; Beletshachew Shiferaw, MD, MPH; Deborah F. Talkington, PhD; Patricia Griffin, MD, FIDSA

500
Infectious Causes of Transient Neutropenia in Otherwise Healthy Children
Entesar H. Husain, MD; Adekunle Adekile, MD, PHD

501
Improving the Viral/Bacterial Diagnosis of Febrile Neutropenia Episodes in Children with Cancer by Molecular Diagnostic Tools
Juan Pablo Torres, MD, PhD; Mauricio Farfan, PhD; Miguel O Ryan, MD; Verónica De la Maza, RN; Paulina Román; Ivonne Vergara, Bq; Paula Piemonte, MD; Marcela Zubieta, MD; Milena Villarroel, MD; Juan Tordecilla, MD; María Elena Santolaya, MD

502
Children's Home Healthcare Associated Infections: Incidence Density and Types of Infections
Andre Ricardo A. Silva, MD, MS; Cristina Vieira Souza, RN; Mario Eduardo Viana, MD, PhD; Guilherme Sargentelli, MD; Maria José Andrada-Serpa, MD, PhD; Marisa Z. R. Gomes, MD, MS, PhD

503
Infective Endocarditis in New Zealand Children 1994 - 2008
Rachel H. Webb, MB, ChB; Lesley M. Voss, MB, ChB; Sally A. Roberts, MB, ChB; Timothy S. Hornung, BChir, MB; Elizabeth M. Rumball, MB, ChB; Diana R. Lennon, MB, ChB

504
Role of CRP in the Detection of Infectious Complications of Perforated Appendicitis in Children
James Michael Klatte, M.D.; Mary Ann Collins, M.D.; Denise Angst, PhD, RN

505
Nasal Microbial Diversity and Otitis Media: Potential Otitis Media Pathogens and Interfering Organisms
Alison S. Laufer, M.Phil; Joshua Metlay, MD, PhD; Janneane F. Gent, Ph.D.; Kristopher P. Fennie, Ph.D.; Yong Kong, Ph.D.; Melinda Pettigrew, PhD



508
The Association Between CRP and Early Onset Neonatal Meningitis
Karen Bockli, MD; Ben Katz, MD; Karna Murthy, MD

509
Routine Use of Prophylactic Antibiotics in Infants with Prenatally Diagnosed Hydronephrosis:Is It Necessary
Renuka Verma, MD; Thomas. S Vates III, MD; Chandrika Gowda, MD; Trupti Deshpande, MD


511
Nitric Oxide Metabolites in Respiratory Secretions of Children Presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with Influenza-Like Illness (ILI)
Asad Mian, MD, PhD; Federico Laham, MD, MS; Harsha Garg, MS; Andrea Cruz, MD; A. Chantal Caviness, MD, PhD; Charles Macias, MD, MPH; Pedro Piedra, MD; Nathan S. Bryan, PhD

512
Premorbid Lung Function and Viral Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in Prematurely Born Infants
Simon B. Drysdale, MRCPCH; Theresa Wilson; Mireia Alcazar; Mark Zuckerman, MRCPath; Melvyn Smith, PhD; Gerrard Rafferty, PhD; Anne Greenough, MD

513
Mortality in Children with Pneumonia in Malawi
Dipesh S. Patel, MA; Marian Michaels, MD; Charles Mwansambo, FRCPCH(UK)

514
Short Antibiotic Treatment (Rx) for Community-Acquired Alveolar Pneumonia (CAAP) in Children- A Double Blinded, Randomized Trial
David Greenberg, MD; Shalom Ben-Shimol, MD; Yair Sadaka, MD; Noga Givon-Lavi, PhD; Ron Dagan, MD, FIDSA

515
Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Guidelines for Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children
Michael Smith, MD, MSCE; Maiying Kong, PhD; Alex Cambon, MS; Charles Woods, MD

516
Epidemiology of Paediatric Empyemas in Manitoba, Canada
P. Guillaume Poliquin, MD; Maryanne Crockett, MD

517
Reduction in Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in the NICU
Priscilla Joe, MD; Lilly Guardia-LaBar, RN; Brian Lee, MD; Ann Petru, MD

518
Resource Utilization in Pediatric Patients Treated with Linezolid or Vancomycin for Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia Caused by Resistant Gram-Positive Bacteria
Jaime Deville, M.D.; Jeffery J. Bergman, D.O.; Ozlem Equils, M.D.; Verna L. Welch, Ph.D., MPH; Kayse Shrum, D.O.; Mark Bounthavong, PharmD; Stanley Grogg, D.O.

519
Risk Factors and Outcomes of Pediatric Neurosurgical Infections
Sorabh Dhar, MD; Dror Marchaim, MD; Teena Chopra, MD; Adnan Yousuf, MD; Ryan Tansek, BS; Leslie Lemanek, BS; Namir Khandker, BS; Khawar Chaudry, BS; Luigino Bernabela, MD; Ala Dababneh, MD; Laura Otis, BS; Suchitha Bheemreddy, MBBS; Christopher Blunden, BS; Luann Davis, ICP; Lynn Semprosh, CIP; Elaine Flanagan, CIC; Steven Ham, MD; Keith S. Kaye, M.D.

520
Reducing Surgical Site Infections in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Spinal Fusions
Amanda Adler, BA; Emily Martin, PhD; Joan Heath, RN, BSN, CIC; Walter Krengel, MD; Danielle Zerr, MD, MPH

521
Predictors of Pertussis in Infants
Kathleen Winter, MPH; Kathleen Harriman, PhD, MPH, RN; Robert Schechter, MD; John Talarico, DO, MPH

522
Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection (CDI) in Children
Molly Hale, MPH, CIC; Nancy Burnett, RN, MPH, CCRN; Judith Guzman-Cottrill, DO

523
Characterization of Isolates Obtained From Pediatric Patients in Canadian Hospitals: Results From the CANWARD Study 2007-2009
Sergio Fanella, MD; Melanie DeCorby, MSc; J. Karlowsky, PhD; Joanne Embree, MD; Daryl Hoban, PhD; George G. Zhanel, PharmD, PhD

524
The Prevalence and Molecular Epidemiology of the ESKAPE Organisms in Pediatric Hospital Acquired Infections: Implications for Impact of Antimicrobial Stewardship
Terri Stillwell, MD, MPH; Karen Barbadora, MT; Juliet Garcia, MS, MT, CIC; Terri Roberts, RN, CIC; Michael Green, MD, FIDSA


526
Vancomycin Resistant Enterococccus (VRE) Screening in a Pediatric Hospital
Gina Weddle, MSN; Mary Anne Jackson, MD; Rangaraj Selvarangan, PhD

527
Fatal Outcomes in Pediatric Cases of Invasive H. Influenzae Serotype a in British Colombia: a Case Series
Siavash Jafari, MD; Linda MN Hoang, MD, FRCPC; Tony Wong, BS; Loretta Janz, BS; Laura J. Sauve, MD; Ghada Al-Rawahi, MD, FRCPC; Clarence Moisey, MD, FRCPC; Marcus Lem, MD, FRCPC

528
Pregnancy-Associated Listeria monocytogenes Infection in An Irish Obstetric Hospital – Immigrant Population at Risk
Meaghan P. Cotter, MB, BCh, BAO, AFRCSI, FRCPath; Aine E. Cafferkey, MB, BCh, BAO; Kenneth Grundy, SIMLS; Sam Coulter-Smith, MB, BCh, BAO, LRCSI, MRCOG, MD; Mary T. Cafferkey, MB, BCh, BAO, MRCPI, FRCPath, MD

529
Epidemiology of Infant Salmonellosis—Philadelphia, PA 2008-2010
Ami S. Patel, PhD; Colleen Burke, MSN; Esther Chernak, MD; Felicia Lewis, MD; Michael Nguyen, MD; Robbie Madera, MPH; Claire Newbern, PhD; Caroline Johnson, MD

530
Racial Differences in Infant Salmonellosis
Lay Har Cheng, MD, MSPH; Conrad R. Cole, MD, MPH; Andi L. Shane, MD, MPH, MSc; Barbara Mahon, MD

531
Blood Transcriptional Profiling Demonstrates Both Common Immune Alterations and Clinical Heterogeneity in Children with Staphylococcus Aureus Infections
Romain F. Banchereau; Monica I. Ardura; Asuncion Mejias, MD; Alexei Ionan; Damien Chaussabel, PhD; Jacques F. Banchereau, PhD; Octavio Ramilo, MD

532
MSCRAMM Genes Correlate with Site of Non-USA300 Staphylococcus aureus Infection in Pediatric Patients
Allison H. Bartlett, MD; Magnus Höök, PhD; Kristina Hulten, Ph.D.

533
Molecular Characterization of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Obtained From Anterior Nares of Healthy Korean Children Attending Day-Care Centers
Mi Ae Yang, MD; Ji Yeon Sung, MD; Ki Bae Hong, MD; Ki Wook Yoon, MD; Nam Hee Kim, MD; Jina Lee, MD; Eun Hwa Choi, MD; Hoan Jong Lee, MD

534
Invasive Staphylococcus aureus Infection in the MRSA Era: Susceptibility to Vancomycin and Therapeutic Implications
Jennifer Goldman, MD; Angela Myers, MD, MPH; Mary Anne Jackson, MD; Rangaraj Selvarangan, PhD; Christopher Harrison, MD

535
Mupirocin Resistance in Staphylcoccus aureus Causing Recurrent Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Children
Jonathon McNeil, MD; Kristina Hulten, Ph.D.; Sheldon Kaplan, MD; Edward Mason, PhD

536
Eradicating Community-Associated Staphylococcus aureus Carriage in Children: A Household Vs. Individual Approach
Stephanie A. Fritz, MD; Patrick G. Hogan, MPH; Genevieve A. Hayek, BA; Marcela Rodriguez, MD; Emma K. Epplin, BS; Kimberly A. Mitchell, BS; Jane Garbutt, MB, ChB; Victoria J. Fraser, MD

537
High Rates of Invasive Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus Disease in a Pediatric Population with Little USA300
Anne Blaschke, MD, PhD; Emily A. Thorell, MD; E. Kent Korgenski, MS; Carrie L. Byington, MD; Andrew Pavia, MD, FIDSA; Judy A. Daly, PhD; Kristina Hulten, Ph.D.

538
Staphylococcus aureus Sinus Infections in Children
Crystal Whitby, PA-C; Sheldon Kaplan, MD; Edward Mason, PhD; Maria Carrillo-Marquez, MD; Linda Lamberth; Wendy Hammerman, R.N.; Kristina Hulten, Ph.D.

539
Staphylococcus aureus Ear Infections at Texas Children's Hospital
Megan Jaudon, PA-C; Edward Mason, PhD; Sheldon Kaplan, MD; Linda Lamberth; Maria Carrillo-Marquez, MD; Wendy Hammerman, R.N.; Kristina Hulten, Ph.D.

540
MRSA Is Not a Major Pathogen for Deep Neck Infections in Children in the 21st Century
Michael Bolton, MD; Andrea Hahn, MD; Asuncion Mejias, MD; Octavio Ramilo, MD; Preeti Jaggi, MD

541
Complications Associated with Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia (SAB) in Children
Jennifer Le, PharmD, BCPS-ID; Felice C. Adler-Shohet, MD; John S. Bradley, MD, FIDSA; Tri Tran; Jay M. Lieberman, MD

542
Community-Onset Invasive Staphylococcus Aureus (CO-ISA) Disease in Children: Clinical and Molecular Characterization
Manika Suryadevara, MD; Andrew Clark, M.S.; Donna Wolk, PhD; Paula Rosenbaum, Ph.D.; Deanna Kiska, Ph.D.; Scott Riddell, Ph.D.; Leonard Weiner, MD; Jana Shaw, MD

543
The Institutional Antibiogram Does Not Accurately Reflect the Susceptibility of Pre-Partum Group B Streptococcal Isolates to Erythromycin and Clindamycin
K.L. Gray; L.C. Fulcher, RN; M.L. McElmeel, B.S., MT(ASCP); E.M.-J. Xenakis, MD; James H. Jorgensen, PhD

544
Streptococcus Infections in Brazil in the Pre-Imunization Period
Eitan N. Berezin, Dr; Rodrigo Sini, MD; Marco A. Safadi; Flavia J. Almeida

545
Streptococcus Pneumoniae-Associated Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Among Children in North America
Ritu Banerjee, MD, PhD; Adam L. Hersh, MD, PhD; Jason Newland, MD; Susan E. Beekmann, RN, MPH; Philip Polgreen, MD; Jeffrey M. Bender, MD; Jana Shaw, MD; Lawrence Copelovitch; Bernard S. Kaplan; Samir Shah, MD


547
Increase of Streptococcus pneumoniae Serotype 6C Isolates at 8 Children's Hospitals in the United States
Morgan Green; Edward Mason, PhD; Sheldon Kaplan, MD; Linda Lamberth; Stephanie Stovall, MD; Laurence Givner, MD; John Bradley, MD; Tina Tan, MD; William Barson, MD; Jill Hoffman, MD; Philana Lin, MD; Kristina Hulten, Ph.D.


549
Changing Epidemiology of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD) in Ontario Children, 1995-2009
Anne E. Wormsbecker, MD; Ian Kitai, MB, BCh; Marina Salvadori, MD; Amna Faheem, MBBS, MPH; Wallis Rudnick, MSc; Gregory Tyrrell, PhD; Jonathan Gubbay, MBBS, MMedSci; Karen Green, RN, MSc; Allison McGeer, MD

550
Temporal Trends in Pediatric Invasive Pneumococcal Disease
Douglas Swanson, MD; Mary Anne Jackson, MD; Christopher Harrison, MD

551
Prevalence and Genetic Structure of Clinical Isolates of Serotype 6D Streptococcus Pneumoniae in Korea
Ki Bae Hong, MD; Ki Wook Yun, MD; Mi Ae Yang, MD; Jin Hyoung Choi, MD; Jina Lee, MD; Eun Hwa Choi, MD; Hoan Jong Lee, MD

552
Comparison of Tuberculin Skin Test to QuantiFERON-TB® and T-SPOT®.TB Assay in Children Diagnosed with Latent Tuberculosis Infection
Shu-Hua Wang, MD, MPH&TM; Lorene Perkins, CNCP; Kelly Beane, CNCP; Xuelinag Pan, PhD; Melissa Ervin, MT; Bret Betz, B.S.; Jessica Morris, B.S.; Larry Schlesinger, MD; Dwight Powell, MD

553
Discrepancy Between Tuberculin Skin Testing and Interferon-Gamma Release Assays in Internationally Adopted Children
Kevin Spicer, MD, PhD; Joanne Turner, PhD; Shu-Hua Wang, MD, MPH&TM; Katalin Koranyi, MD; Dwight Powell, MD

554
Management of Latent Tuberculosis Infections (LTBI) in Child Contacts of Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR) Tuberculosis
Felice C. Adler-Shohet, MD; Julie Low, MD; Michael Carson, MSPM; Susan Sawley, RN, BSN; Haimanot Girma, MPH; Jasjit Singh, MD

555
Childhood Tuberculosis: Missed Opportunities for Prevention and Early Diagnosis
Dorothy S. Palmer, MD; Frits Van der Kuyp, MD; Nazha Abughali, MD

556
Chest Computed Tomography (CT) in Suspected Pulmonary Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Disease in Children: Is There Value?
Rasha Sawaya, MD; Monica I. Ardura; Asuncion Mejias, MD; Jeanne M. Joglar, MD; Jeannie Kwon, MD; Octavio Ramilo, MD

557
Evolution of Gram-Negative Bacilli Fluoroquinolone (FQ) Resistance in Pediatric Patients
Marissa M. Coulter, MPH; Shannon Chan, PharmD; Jobayer Hossain, PhD; M. Cecilia Di Pentima, MD, MPH




561
Multi-Center Validation of ICD-9 Codes for Candidemia in a Pediatric Population
Lindsey Asti, MPH; Jason Newland, MD; Danielle Zerr, MD, MPH; Alexis Elward, MD; Kateri Leckerman, MS; Rebecca Guth, MPH; Susan Coffin, MD; Theoklis Zaoutis, MD

562
Candidemia in Hospitalized Children, a Ten Years Experience
Shannon Chan, PharmD; Elizabeth Weimer, PharmD; Jobayer Hossain, PhD; M. Cecilia Di Pentima, MD, MPH

563
A Prospective Study of Antifungal Lock Therapy (AFLT) in Central Line (CL) Infections in Pediatric Patients (PTs)
William McGhee, PharmD; Judith M. Martin, MD; Marian Michaels, MD; George V. Mazariegos, MD; Michael Green, MD, FIDSA

564
Presentation of Malaria in Children to a Canadian Pediatric Tertiary Care Centre
Sergio Fanella, MD; Hailey Lipkin, BSc; Maryanne Crockett, MD

566
Sero-Epidemiology of Human Bocavirus Infection in Young Children in Kingston, Jamaica
Joshua W. Hustedt, BA; Celia Christie-Samuels, MD, MPH; Madison M. Hustedt, BS; Daina Esposito, MPH; Marietta Vazquez, MD

567
Cytomegalovirus Strain Diversity in Newborns with Congenital Infection
Shannon Ross, MD; Sunil Pati, PhD; Nitin Arora, MBBS, MPH; Karen Fowler, DrPH; Zdenek Novak, MD; Amina Ahmed, MD; April Palmer, MD; Marian Michaels, MD; Pablo J. Sanchez, MD; Robert W. Tolan Jr., MD; David I. Bernstein, MD; Suresh Boppana, MD

568
Correlation of pp65 Antigenemia and Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Detection of Cytomegalovirus Infection in Pediatric Renal Transplant Patients
Brian S. Rha, MD; David Redden, PhD; Mark Benfield, MD; Fred Lakeman, PhD; Richard J. Whitley, MD, FIDSA; Masako Shimamura, MD

569
Dynamics of Cell-Mediated Immunity to Cytomegalovirus Among Pediatric Transplant Recipients
Manisha Patel, MD; Rebecca P. Madan, MD; Lydia Tesfa, PhD; Caroline B. Long, MD; Martha Stefanidou, PhD; Betsy C. Herold, MD, FIDSA

570
Neonatal Herpes Disease Despite Maternal Antenatal Antiviral Suppressive Therapy: A Multicenter Case Series of the First Such Infants Reported
Swetha G. Pinninti, MD; Kristina N. Feja, MD, MPH; David W. Kimberlin, MD; Charles T. Leach, MD; Dennis A. Conrad, MD; Carol A. McCarthy, MD; Robert W. Tolan Jr., MD

571
The Incidence and Clinical Presentation of Herpes Zoster Among African American and White Youths Under 20 Years
Rachel Civen, MD; Amanuel Hussein, MS; Christina Jackson, MPH; Laurene Mascola, MD


573
HIV Infection Is Associated with Decreased Innate Activity against HSV-2 in Female Genital Tract Secretions
Rebecca P. Madan, MD; Sylvia Cho, BS; N. Merna Torres, BS; Mimi Kim, ScD; Marla Keller, MD; Betsy C. Herold, MD, FIDSA

574
Postnatal Infant HIV Prophylaxis: Quantifying the Use of Multiple Antiretrovirals
Kathleen McKeegan, BS; Richard Rutstein, MD; Elizabeth Lowenthal, MD

575
Onset of Puberty in Perinatally HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents in the United States During the HAART Era
Gabriela Del Bianco, MD; Gloria Heresi, MD; Toni Frederick, PhD; Travis Wheeling, MPH; Beverly Bohannon, MS, RN; Kenneth Dominguez, MD; George Siberry, MD

576
Misclassification of Treatment Failure Using Immunologic and Clinical Monitoring in HIV Infected Children and Adolescents in Western Kenya
Elizabeth M. Dufort, MD; Winstone Mokaya Nyandiko, MBchB, MMED; Allison K. DeLong, MS; Kara Wools-Kaloustian, MD; Samwel O. Ayaya, MBchB, MMED; Rachel C. Vreeman, MD, MS; Joseph I. Harwell, MD; Rami Kantor, MD

577
Advanced Age and Asthma Are Associated with Severe Disease in Children Hospitalized with Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Compared with Seasonal Influenza A
Shaun K. Morris, MD, MPH; Michelle Bridge, MD; Padmaja Subbarao, MD, MSc; Yvonne Yau, MD; Patricia Parkin, MD; Upton Allen, MD, MSc; Dat Tran, MD, MSc

578
Influenza A H1N1 in Panama: A Disease of Children with a Benign Course
Javier Alonso Nieto Guevara, MD; Nestor Sosa, MD; Mariana Garcia, MS; Marlene Castillo; Alex Martinez; Ricardo Somoza; Juan M. Pascale

579
Clinical Features of Children Hospitalized with 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Infection in a University Hospital in Samsun, Turkey
Gülnar Sensoy, Professor; Nursen Belet, Associate, Professor; Nazik Asilioglu, Assistant, Professor; Ayse A. Kilinc

580
Risk Factors in Children Admitted to Hospital with Pandemic H1N1 Influenza in China
Qingli Zhang, MD; Wei Ji, MD; Zhongqin Guo, PhD; Zhenjiang Bai, MD; Saihu Huang, MD; Libing Zhou, MD; Minhui Xie, MD; Ying Li, MD; Fengzhen Gu, MD; Noni MacDonald, MD

581
Hospitalized Children Infected with the Novel H1N1 (nH1N1) Influenza: Comparison of the ICU to Non-ICU Patients
Haidee Custodio, MD; Carmen Masnita-Iusan, MS; Christine Bailey, RN; Ayesha Mirza, MD; Michael Gayle, MD; Peter Wludyka, PhD; Mobeen Rathore, MD

582
Clinical Outcomes of Seasonal Influenza and Pandemic Influenza A H1N1 in Pediatric Inpatients
Pranita Tamma, MD; Alison Turnbull, DVM, MPH; Aaron Milstone, MD, MHS; Sara Cosgrove, MD; Abigail Carlson; Trish Perl, MD, MSc, FIDSA

583
H1N1 in Immunocompromised Children Hospitalised During the Fall Pandamic of 2009
Hazar Kobayaa, M.D.; Eric McGrath, MD; Basim Asmar, MD

584
Neurologic Manifestations of Pediatric Novel H1N1 Influenza Infection
Neil Rellosa, MD; Karen Bloch, MD; Andi L. Shane, MD, MPH, MSc; Roberta DeBiasi, MD


586
Detection of Human Influenza Virus in Non-Respiratory Sites
Susan Wootton, MD; Alan Jewell; Kirtida Patel; Swapna Sreenivasula; Elizabeth Aguilera, MD; Audrey Wanger, PhD; James R. Murphy, PhD; Pedro Piedra, MD


588
Innate Immune Response to the 2009 Pandemic Influenza A/H1N1 (pH1N1) Virus in Children
Federico Laham, MD, MS; Andrea Cruz, MD; Asad Mian, MD, PhD; Charles Macias, MD, MPH; A. Chantal Caviness, MD, PhD; Pedro Piedra, MD

589
The Impact of 2009 H1N1 Influenza On Antiviral Prescribing for Hospitalized Children
Joshua Herigon, MPH; Jason Newland, MD; Adam L. Hersh, MD, PhD

590
Pediatric Surge Protection against H1N1 Influenza: A Successful Infection Prevention and Control Policy
Judith Guzman-Cottrill, DO; Molly Hale, MPH, CIC; Linda Young, RN, MSN, CIC; Kevin Langstaff, BA; John Townes, MD

591
Viral Shedding in Children with Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) in Singapore
Natalie W. H. Tan, MBBS, MRCPCH; Koh-Cheng Thoon, MBBS, MRCPCH; Chia-Yin Chong, MBBS, MRCP, Paediatrics; Kok-Wee Chong, MBBS; Victor Chan, MBBS

592
Characteristics and Secondary Attack Rates of H1N1 in Families
Amy Herbener, MD; Kwabena Ampofo, MD; Trent Miller; Hsin-Yi Weng, MS; Robert J. Crisp, Ph.D.; Carrie L. Byington, MD

593
Rhinoviruses (RV) Cause Lower Respiratory Tract Infections (LRTI) as Severe as Those Caused by Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Independently of the Atopic Background
Carla G. Garcia, MD; Alejandra Soriano, MD; Shama Khokhar, MSc; Paula A. Revell, PhD; Octavio Ramilo, MD; Asuncion Mejias, MD

594
Down Syndrome and Hospitalizations Due to Respiratory Syncytial Virus - A Population Based Study
Philip Zachariah, MB, BS; Margaret Ruttenber; Eric A.F. Simoes, MD, DCH

595
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Genetic Variability and Viral Loads Do Not Correlate with Disease Severity in Children Hospitalized with Bronchiolitis
Asuncion Mejias, MD; Chin-Fen Yang, PhD; Carla G. Garcia, MD; Shama Khokhar, MSc; Susana Chavez-Bueno, MD; Cynthia Somers, MD; Juan Pablo Torres, MD, PhD; Hasan Jafri, MD; Kathy Wang, PhD; Octavio Ramilo, MD

596
RSV-Associated Hospitalizations Among Infants and Children in the United States, 1997-2006
Lauren J. Stockman, MPH; Aaron T. Curns, MPH; Larry J. Anderson, MD; Gayle E. Langley, MD, MPH

597
Kawasaki Disease and Respiratory Syncytial Virus Seasonality in Colorado
Philip Zachariah, MB, BS; Eric A.F. Simoes, MD, DCH

598
A Role of Matrix Metalloproteinase in Pathogenesis of Rotavirus Antigenemia
Yoshiki Kawamura, MD; Ken Sugata, MD; Hidetaka Nakai, MD; Akiko Yui, BS; Koki Taniguchi, PhD; Tetsushi Yoshikawa, MD

599
Childhood Rotavirus Mortality in India
Shaun K. Morris, MD, MPH; Diego G. Bassani, PhD; Shally Awasthi, MD; Rajesh Kumar, MD; Prabhat Jha, MD, DPhil; the MDS Collaborators

600
Large Variations in Rotavirus Diarrhea and Strain Diversity During Low Level Vaccine Use in Portugal
Fernanda Rodrigues, MD; Miren Iturriza, PhD; Guilherme Gonçalves, PhD; Ana T. Gil, MD; Alexandra Oliveira, MD; João Melo, MD; Jim Gray, PhD; Luís Januário, MD

601
Potential for Congenital Rubella Syndrome Re-Emergence in South Texas
Virginia L. Headley, PhD; John R. Litaker, PhD; Sandra A. Morris, MPH

602
Human Parechovirus- Central Nervous System Infection in Young Children From Midwestern USA
Rangaraj Selvarangan, PhD; Kelley Puckett; Suresh Babu Selvaraju, PhD; Justin Sharp, MD; Christopher Harrison, MD

603
Characteristics of Respiratory Viral Illness in Hospitalized Children Diagnosed by xTAG RVP PCR
J. Christopher Day, MD; Rangaraj Selvarangan, PhD; Angela Myers, MD, MPH

604
Use of RT-PCR to Diagnose Respiratory Viral Infections in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant
Maria G. Lopez Marti, MD; Bradly P. Nicholson, PhD; Coleen Cunningham, MD; Christopher Woods, MD, MPH; Lauren B. Jaggers, MD

605
Lack of Appropriate Screening for Infants Born to HCV-Infected Mothers
Uchebike Nwankwo, MD; Aparna Kamath, MD; Nazha Abughali, MD

606
Risk Factors for Endometritis in a National Obstetric Population
Kerry M. Bommarito, MPH; Gilad Gross, MD; Denise Willers, MD; Pamela Owens, PhD; Victoria J. Fraser, MD; Margaret Olsen, PhD

607
Microbial Ecology of the Vaginal Tract in Term Pregnant Women
H. Dele Davies, MD; Apoorv Kalra, MD; Shannon Manning, PhD; Natasha Isaacs- Cosgrove, MS; Terence Marsh, PhD

608
Human Herpes Virus-6 (HSV-6) and 7 (HSV-7) in Children Undergoing Cancer Chemotherapy
Nirica Borges, M.D.; Lara Kate Gowans, M.D.; Debbie Kohn; Sarah Worley; Belinda Yen-Lieberman, PhD; Donna Lach, RN; Lara Danziger-Isakov, MD; Philip E. Pellett, PhD; Johanna Goldfarb, M.D.
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