488. EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF HEALTH EDUCATION IN IMPROVING HIV/AIDS KNOWLEDGE AND RISK BEHAVIOURS OF COMMERCIAL VEHICLE DRIVERS IN ILORIN, NIGERIA
Session: Poster Abstract Session: HIV Testing and Prevention
Friday, October 21, 2011
Room: Poster Hall B1
Background: Nigeria has one of the largest HIV/AIDS epidemics in the world, fourth only to India, Ethiopia and South Africa and second to South Africa within Sub Saharan Africa The first case of HIV/AIDS seen in Nigeria was reported in 1986, and since then the statistics are indicative of a spreading epidemic.Long distance travelling has been implicated to be a risk factor in HIV infections,  because of the need to leave the home frequently and also to satisfy individual their sexual need by patronizing commercial sex workers (CSW) and engaging in casual relationship with female hawkers in stop stations. Studies have however shown that despite high risk behaviours, long distance drivers consider themselves at low risk and so are not taking preventive measures in protecting themselves.

Methods: 

Methods:

This is an intervention study and 140 respondents were selected for each of the study and the control group using the multi-stage sampling technique. The study was in three stages:- pre-intervention, intervention and post-intervention.At the intervention stage, health education focused on methods of transmission of HIV infection, risky behaviours, preventive measures against HIV infection, symptoms of STI and their prevention. A pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire was used for data collection pre and post intervention, and the responses were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences(SPSS).

 Results: After the health education intervention, there was significant difference in knowledge of means of HIV transmission between the study and control groups. Fewer proportion of the drivers in the study group, (37.0% from 57.1%, p = 0.00084) now practiced extramarital relationship, patronage of CSWs had reduced to 19.3% from 33.6%, p = 0.00721. The use of the condom among the drivers in the study group increased after the intervention as more drivers, 51.9% were “currently” using condom as against 34.3% pre-intervention, (p = 0.00326).

Conclusion: 

This study demonstrated that health education is effective in improving HIV knowledge and high risk behaviours. It is recommended that continuous health education programs and seminars on HIV prevention practice should be organized by NGOs, and ministries of health within the motor parks for the driver.


Subject Category: H. HIV/AIDS and other retroviruses

Iyanuoluwa Olugbenga-Bello, MBBS;MPH;FWACP, COMMUNITY MEDICINE, LADOKE AKINTOLA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, ogbomoso, Nigeria and Adeleye Adeomi, LADOKE AKINTOLA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Teaching Hospital , ogbomoso, ogbomoso, Nigeria

Disclosures:

I. Olugbenga-Bello, None

A. Adeomi, None

Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. EST Thursday, Oct. 20 with the exception of research findings presented at IDSA press conferences.