Program Schedule

Evaluating Clinical Credibility of Surveillance Definitions for Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia and Lower Respiratory Infections

Session: Poster Abstract Session: HAI Surveillance and Public Reporting
Friday, October 10, 2014
Room: The Pennsylvania Convention Center: IDExpo Hall BC
  • PA PNEU IDweek poster 2014-09-25 FINAL.pdf (311.1 kB)
  • Background: Recent data show that only a minority of healthcare-associated pneumonias are mechanical ventilator-associated (VA-PNEU).  Though the limitations of VA-PNEU surveillance definitions in adult patients are well known, less is known about the performance of either National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) definitions for PNEU in non-ventilated adults or in children (whether mechanically ventilated or not), or lower respiratory infection (LRI) in any patient population. We evaluated the utility of PNEU for identifying clinical events in non-ventilated adults and in children (both ventilated and non-ventilated), and of LRI for identifying clinical events in any patient population.

    Methods: We reviewed medical records of a random sample of patients with PNEU or LRI reported to NHSN from 8 Pennsylvania hospitals in 2011–2012, excluding adult VA-PNEU. We confirmed PNEU/LRI case classification with CDC staff and recorded documented clinical diagnoses corresponding temporally to the PNEU/LRI case.

    Results: We reviewed 250 (30%) of 838 eligible NHSN-reported PNEU/LRI events; 29 (12%) did not fulfill PNEU or LRI criteria.  Differences interpreting radiology reports accounted for most reclassification. Of 81 PNEU in non-ventilated adults, 68 (84%) had clinician-diagnosed PNEU; 17 (25%) were explicitly attributed to aspiration. Of 36 pediatric PNEU, 26 (72%) were VA, and 70% corresponded to a clinical PNEU diagnosis. Of 43 adult LRI, 38 (88%) were in mechanically ventilated patients, 14 (33%) with no corresponding clinical diagnosis (infectious or non-infectious) documented at the time of LRI.  Of 61 pediatric LRI, 51 (84%) were in mechanically-ventilated patients, and 21% had no corresponding clinical diagnosis documented.

    Conclusion: NHSN-defined PNEU in non-ventilated adults and in children regardless of ventilation status corresponded in most cases to a compatible clinical event. LRI occurred mostly in ventilated patients, and the definitions performed poorly in both adults and children, with no discernable clinical event documented during the same time frame in a large proportion of patients.  Definitions that are objective and clinically credible are needed to improve surveillance and prevention of healthcare-associated PNEU.

    Isaac See, MD1, Julia Chang, BA2, Nicole Gualandi, RN, MS/MPH1, Genevieve L. Buser, MDCM, MSHP3, Pamela Rohrbach, RN, CIC4, Debra Smeltz, RN4, Mary Jo Bellush, MSN, CIC5, Susan E. Coffin, MD, MPH6, Jane M. Gould, MD7, Patricia Hennessey, RN, BSN, MSN, CIC7, Debra Hess, RN, CIC8, Sydney Hubbard, MPH6, Andrea Kiernan, MLT (ASCP), CIC7, Judith O'donnell, MD9, David Pegues, MD, FIDSA, FSHEA10, Jeffrey R. Miller, MD, MPH11 and Shelley S. Magill, MD, PhD1, (1)Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, (2)UCLA Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, (3)Acute & Communicable Disease Prevention, Oregon Health Authority, Portland, OR, (4)Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburg, PA, (5)Excela Health Westmoreland Hospital, Greensburg, PA, (6)The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, (7)St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, PA, (8)Lancaster General Hospital, Lancaster, PA, (9)Pennsylvania Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, (10)University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, PA, (11)Career Epidemiology Field Officer, Offiice of Public Health Preparedness and Response, CDC, assigned to the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburgh, PA


    I. See, None

    J. Chang, None

    N. Gualandi, None

    G. L. Buser, None

    P. Rohrbach, None

    D. Smeltz, None

    M. J. Bellush, None

    S. E. Coffin, None

    J. M. Gould, None

    P. Hennessey, None

    D. Hess, None

    S. Hubbard, None

    A. Kiernan, None

    J. O'donnell, None

    D. Pegues, None

    J. R. Miller, None

    S. S. Magill, None

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. EDT, Oct. 8th with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.

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