Program Schedule

1146
Prevalence of blood borne viruses in the dialysis unit, Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait

Session: Poster Abstract Session: Viral Infections: Epidemiology
Friday, October 10, 2014
Room: The Pennsylvania Convention Center: IDExpo Hall BC
Posters
  • dialysis BBV poster IDSA1.pdf (439.3 kB)
  • Background:

    Due to the lack of recent data in Kuwait, it was decided to investigate the prevalence of HBV, HCV and HIV, among dialysed patients in the dialysis unit at the Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital.

    Methods:

    Between the first of January and 31st of December, 2012, a total of 1,369 blood samples were received by the virology unit from adult patients on dialysis at Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital.

    HBV, HCV and HIV were screened. A positive screening result is followed by a confirmation method.

    SPSS software (version 17.0 for Windows; SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA) was used for all statistical analyses. For categorical variables, χ2-test or Fisher's exact was used.

    Results:

    A total of 1369 blood samples were collected over a one year period with a total number of 588(43%) females and a total number of 781 (57%) males. Seven hundred and forty four (54.3%) samples were received from Kuwaitis and 625 (45.7%) samples from non-Kuwaitis (Table 1).

    Conclusion:

    The calculated prevalence for HBV, HCV and HIV are 1.2%, 6.3% and 0.1%, respectively.  

    The prevalence of HBV among males was significantly higher when compared to females. HCV prevalence among males is significantly higher when compared to females.

    The prevalence of HBV among non-Kuwaitis was significantly higher when compared to HBV prevalence among Kuwaitis. HCV prevalence among non-Kuwaitis was significantly higher when compared to HCV prevalence among Kuwaitis.

    The prevalence for HIV in the dialysis is relatively low when compared with HBV and HCV. Therefore, screening for HIV is best when based on a risk assessment of individual patients.

    HBV

    HCV

    HIV

    N (%)

    Gender:

    Male

    Female

    Nationality:

    Kuwaiti

    Non-Kuwaiti

    Negative

    1346 (98.3%)

    762 (97.6%)

    584 (99.3%)

    736 (98.9%)

    610 (97.6%)

    1277 (93.3%)

    709 (90.8%)

    568 (96.6%)

    708 (95.2%)

    569 (91%)

    1362 (99.5%)

    776 (99.4%)

    586 (99.7%)

    740 (99.5%)

    622 (99.5%)

    N (%)

    Gender:

    Male

    Female

    Nationality:

    Kuwaiti

    Non-Kuwaiti

    Indeterminate

    6 (0.4%)

    4 (0.5%)

    2 (0.3%)

    4 (0.5%)

    2 (0.3%)

    6 (0.4%)

    5 (0.6%)

    1 (0.2%)

    1 (0.1%)

    5 (0.8%)

    5

    5 (0.4%)

    3 (0.4%)

    2 (0.3%)

    2 (0.3%)

    3 (0.5%)

    Positive

    N (%)

    Gender:

    Male

    Female

    p-value

    Nationality:

    Kuwaiti

    Non-Kuwaiti

    p-value

    17 (1.2%)

    15 (1.9%)

    2 (0.3%)

    0.018

    4 (0.5%)

    13 (2.1%)

    0.020

    86 (6.3%)

    67 (8.6%)

    19 (3.2%)

    0.001

    35 (4.7%)

    51 (8.2%)

    0.012

    2 (0.1%)

    2 (0.3%)

    0 (0.0%)

    0.608

    2 (0.3%)

    0 (0.0%)

    0.557

    Table 1: the prevalence of BBV in the dialysis unit in relation to gender and nationality with calculated p-value:

    Haya Altawalah, BSc. MBBS. FRCPath, Virology Unit, Ministry of health, Mubarak Hospital, KUWAIT, Kuwait, Mona Al-Houli, MB, BS, BSc, Virology Unit, Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait, Kuwait, Mamoun Al-Qaseer, MB, BS, BSc, FRCPath, Clinical Virology Unit, Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait, Kuwait, Nada Madi, PhD, Virology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait, Kuwait and Naser Husaain, Nephrology Consultant, Renal Unit, Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait, Kuwait

    Disclosures:

    H. Altawalah, None

    M. Al-Houli, None

    M. Al-Qaseer, None

    N. Madi, None

    N. Husaain, None

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. EDT, Oct. 8th with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.

    Sponsoring Societies:

    © 2014, idweek.org. All Rights Reserved.

    Follow IDWeek