The efficacy of anaerobe specific antibiotics in patients with aspiration pneumonia
Methods: A single-center retrospective cohort study that compared a group of aspiration pneumonia patients treated with anaerobe specific antibiotics to a group of patients without anaerobe specific antibiotics. All medical records with a discharge diagnosis of aspiration pneumonia were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were the presence of risk factors for aspiration as well as imaging findings consistent with pneumonia. Main outcomes included length of stay, inpatient mortality, and need for change in antibiotics.
Results: 636 patients with a diagnosis code of aspiration pneumonia were identified. 390 patients met all inclusion criteria. 279 patients received initial anaerobe specific coverage while 111 did not. Apache II and PORT scores were similar (10.5±4.6 vs. 10.5±4.4) and (110±30 vs. 108±32) respectively. No significant differences in length of stay (10.5 vs. 11.5 days (p=0.29), or mortality (13% vs. 18%, p=0.20) were detected. A change in antibiotics occurred more often in patients initially treated without anaerobic coverage (24% vs. 38% p<.01).
Conclusion: In this retrospective study of patients hospitalized with aspiration pneumonia, no difference in mortality or length of stay were detected between patients initially treated with anaerobe specific antibiotics and those without, however patients not receiving initial anaerobic coverage were more likely to have a change in antibiotics. Prospective studies on the role of anaerobe specific antibiotics in aspiration pneumonia are needed.
C. Nadar, None
T. Yamamoto, None
A. Bhagavath, None
M. Silverberg, None