Program Schedule

330
Early Implementation of a Regional Electronic Infection Control Network using Parsed Microbiology Culture Data

Session: Poster Abstract Session: Multidrug-resistant Organisms: Epidemiology and Prevention
Thursday, October 9, 2014
Room: The Pennsylvania Convention Center: IDExpo Hall BC
Background: In consultation with infection preventionists (IPs), our objective was to build a regional network to deliver alerts when a patient with a history of gram negative rod multi-drug resistant organism (GNRMDRO) is admitted to an emergency department (ED) or hospital.  Because most microbiology HL7 messages are not structured in standard Health Level 7 version 2 (HL7v2) format when sent into a health information exchange, a new approach is needed if multi-source electronic culture data are to be used for decision support.

Methods: We built 1) an HL7v2 correction engine that deals with incorrect microbiology message structure and content, 2) decision support to identify superbugs of interest, 3) an admission/discharge/transfer message processor with cross-institutional identity matching to generate alerts upon subsequent ED or inpatient admission, and 4) secure email alerts to the IP(s) at the admitting institution.  The HL7v2 correction engine parses key data elements needed for alerts: organism, antibiotics tested, minimum inhibitory concentrations, susceptibility interpretation, body source of the culture, and health care facility where drawn.  The five GNRMDRO categories are 1) Enterobacteriaceae with extended-spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL-E), 2) carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), 3) Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistant to 3 of 4 antibiotic classes, 4) Acinetobacter baumannii resistant to 3 of 4 antibiotic classes, and 5) other.

Results: In the first 12 weeks, email alerts to the IPs were generated for 105 distinct patients (69 with ED visit only, 36 with hospital admission).  Five hospital systems were alerted, for 21 distinct hospitals.  The GNRMDROs were ESBL-E (84%), CRE (N=7 [7%]: 6 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 1 Serratia marcescens), Pseudomonas (5%), Acinetobacter (4%), and other (1%).  Body sources were urine (76%), blood (8%), and other (16%) including wound, bronchoalveolar lavage, sputum, or bile.  For 26 (25%) of 105 patients, the admitting hospital system was different from the one where the GNRMDRO culture had been drawn.

Conclusion: The amount of cross-over between hospitals – by patients colonized or infected with gram-negative superbugs – is striking.  Timely alerts may hasten placement into contact isolation and thereby may help reduce the spread of life-threatening bacteria.

Marc Rosenman, MD1, Kinga Szucs, MD1, S. Maria E. Finnell, MD, MS1, Shahid Khokhar2, James Egg2, Larry Lemmon2, David Shepherd, DO, MBA3, Jeff Friedlin, DO4, Xiaochun Li, PhD5 and Abel Kho, MD6, (1)Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, (2)Regenstrief Institute, Indianapolis, IN, (3)Internal Medicine Physician, Indianapolis, IN, (4)Unaffiliated, Anderson, IN, (5)Biostatistics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, (6)Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL

Disclosures:

M. Rosenman, None

K. Szucs, None

S. M. E. Finnell, None

S. Khokhar, None

J. Egg, None

L. Lemmon, None

D. Shepherd, None

J. Friedlin, None

X. Li, None

A. Kho, None

Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. EDT, Oct. 8th with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.

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