1632. Reappearance of Rabies in Greece
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Global Health
Saturday, October 10, 2015
Room: Poster Hall
Posters
  • Reappearance of Rabies in Greece.pdf (619.4 kB)
  • Background: Rabies is an acute viral infectious disease affecting central nervous system. Besides humans it may infect wild, domestic, or productive animals. In Greece no case of rabies in animals has been recorded since 1987 and the last case of infection to humans has been recorded in 1970. Since 2012, 48 cases of rabies cases have been recorded (foxes and dogs) and as a result it alarmed competent state agencies

    Methods: This research is retrospective.The data have been gathered from the existing sources in the Hellenic Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (HCDCP),European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ( ECDPC), World Health Organization (WHO), the Ministry of Rural Development and Food, the Ministry of Health and Social Solidarity.

    Results: In Albania and Fyrom , the last decade there have been no cases in humans, while in Turkey 1-2 incidents are reported ,because they don’t take the appropriate treatment. In Albania, Fyrom and Bulgaria the main reservoir of the disease is the red fox. In Turkey the main reservoir is the dog.In Greece, a red fox in the area of Kozani was found positive for rabies virus ,on 19 October 2012.Since then,there have been 48 cases, mainly in north Greece.(table 1 ).The reappearance of the disease can be attributed to various causes, some of which are mentioned above as the presence of rabies in our neighboring countries , the movement of wild animals from these countries to Greece and the collapse of former Yugoslavia that resulted in ineffective control during and after the war. The lack of action by the State is another factor,such as the fact that the passive surveillance system was not functioning as it should.

    Conclusion: Measures to be taken to limit the disease are:

    • Continuous surveillance and vigilance

    • Reduction and vaccination of stray animals

    • Vaccination of wild animals, passive and active surveillance

    • Informing the general public

    • Collaboration between the authorities,medical doctors, veterinarians, Ministry of Rural Development and Food, Ministry of Health, HCDCP

    • Collaboration of Greece with the neighboring countries

    Table 1

    Epidemiology of rabies in Greece from 2012 till 2014

    country

    Year

    Domestic animals

    wild life

    bat

    Human cases

    total

    Greece

    2012

    2

    7

    0

    0

    9

    Greece

    2013

    2

    8

    0

    0

    10

    Greece

    2014

    4

    25

    0

    0

    29

    total

    8

    40

    0

    0

    48

    Source:www.rabies-bulletin-europe.org

    Source:HCDCP

    Argyro Triantafyllou, biopathologist1, Anthi Sideri, biopathologist2, Nikolaos Chaviaras, biopathologist3 and Eleni Papadogeorgaki, biopathologist3, (1)Hematology, HOSPITAL YGEIA, PIREAUS, Greece, (2)HOSPITAL HYGEIA, ATHENS, Greece, (3)hospital hygeia, athens, Greece

    Disclosures:

    A. Triantafyllou, HOSPITAL YGEIA: Employee , Educational support
    MASTER "International medicine-Health Crisis Management": Scientific Advisor , Educational support

    A. Sideri, None

    N. Chaviaras, None

    E. Papadogeorgaki, None

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