Interprofessional practice education (IPE) is an essential component in educating healthcare residents and students in providing optimal patient centered care in a team environment. Antimicrobial Stewardship Program (ASP) teams with similar approaches were implemented at the two academic medical centers associated with our medical school utilizing an IPE approach in 2012. We describe the implementation/process of the ASPs.
A business plan for an ASP was approved at each location. An interprofessional ASP team was identified and includes the ID attending physician, ID fellow physician, ASP pharmacist, medical resident physician (MRP), medical student (MS), pharmacy resident (PR) and pharmacy students (PS). ASP educational seminars were presented for all adult admitting physician groups (Surgery, Ob-Gyn, Internal Medicine, Family Medicine) to discuss the need for the ASP and the prospective audit/feedback process. An ASP patient monitoring form for collecting patient information was developed. ASP rounds occur weekdays during ID rounds.
The ASP pharmacist, PR and/or PS identify patients receiving intravenous antimicrobials and completes the ASP patient monitoring form. Patients are screened for ASP interventions prior to ASP rounds. Patients requiring interventions are presented during ASP rounds for discussion. The ID fellow or ASP pharmacist intervenes with the primary medical team, frequently utilizing motivational interviewing techniques to convey the ASP team recommendation in a non-coercive and educational manner. Antimicrobial education in relationship to clinical problems in patients enhances the educational learning of healthcare providers. Documentation of the ASP team recommendations is completed in the electronic or paper medical record. ASP acceptance rates were > 88% for antimicrobial recommendations since 2012. In addition, 8 ID fellows (141 rotation months), 26 PR, 82 MRP, 64 PS and approximately 32 MS have gained IPE experience in the ASP team.
The interprofessional ASP team implementation/process has been successful at our institutions. Antimicrobial stewardship and education are emphasized in all interactions of the ASP team. Motivational interviewing may be a useful technique in conveying ASP recommendations.
J. Horne, None
L. Dobronski, None
J. Syed, None
C. Destache, None
R. Vivekanandan, None
L. Preheim, None
G. Gorby, None
M. Bittner, None