Methods: We used matched interview and medical record abstraction data from the 2009, 2010, and 2011 data collection cycles of the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP), which collected cross-sectional data annually from a representative sample of HIV-positive adults in care. We included women diagnosed at least one year prior to interview and stratified the analysis by age groups (< 50 vs. ≥ 50 years). We examined selected demographic, behavioral and clinical characteristics. Bivariate analyses were completed using chi-square analysis.
Results: The characteristics of the 3,461 women included in this analysis were as follows: 2,084 (61%) non-Hispanic Black, 1,299 (37.5%) aged ≥ 50 years, median years since HIV diagnosis 10.8 (IQR 5.86 - 16.1). Compared with women age < 50 years, women ≥ 50 were less likely to be at or below poverty (55.9% vs 64.0%; p < 0.003), to report sex without a condom with a male partner (11.1% vs 25.6%; p < 0.0001), to report any drug use (13.3% vs 20.9%; p < 0.0001), and to report symptoms consistent with major depression (12.5% vs 16.6%; p < 0.001). However, women age ≥ 50 years were more likely to be prescribed antiretroviral therapy (91.6% vs 87.8%; p < 0.004) and to have had the most recent viral load <200 copies per mL (75.8% vs 66.8%; p < 0.001). Among women reporting sexual activity in the previous 12 months, there were no significant differences in medically documented screening rates for gonorrhea (28.2% vs 32.1%, p > 0.05) or chlamydia (30.3% vs 33.9%, p > 0.05).
Conclusion: Older HIV-infected women comprise more than one-third of HIV-infected women in care. Although our sample of women are engaged in HIV clinical care, there remain some opportunities to strengthen routine gonorrhea and chlamydia screenings among all sexually active HIV-infected women, including older women of whom >10% reported sex without a condom.
A. Do, None
M. Sutton, None