Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on 400 patients admitted to the medicine service at University Hospital from December 1st, 2014- December 25th, 2014. Patients were evaluated for known history of HIV, documented prior HIV screening, and whether screening was performed during the current admission. If screened during admission, the ordering physician's service was recorded. Patients considered eligible for screening were those without a documented history of HIV or HIV screening test greater than 12 months prior to admission.
Results: A total of 400 admissions were reviewed of which 31 had a prior history of HIV and 65 were screened for HIV in the prior 12 months. 179 patients (45%, 95% CI= 40-50%) had no documented lifetime HIV screening history. 304 patients were considered eligible for screening however only 69 (23%, 95% CI= 18%-27%) were screened during the course of their admission.
Conclusion: Adherence to HIV screening guidelines continues to be a challenge in the urban hospital setting even in admitted patients, as evidenced by this study showing only 23% of patients eligible for HIV screening were tested during the course of their admission. In 2013, the HIV prevalence of Newark was over 3% and so it remains critical that no opportunities for screening patients are missed.
D. Cennimo, None
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