Background: CMV is associated with morbidity and mortality among SCT and SOT recipients. Current anti-CMV therapy is associated with side effects including myelosuppression and renal toxicity. Maribavir (MBV) is a potent and selective orally bioavailable anti-CMV agent. This Phase 2 study (EudraCT 2010-024247-32) assessed safety, tolerability and anti-CMV activity of preemptive MBV versus valganciclovir (VGC) among hematopoietic SCT or SOT recipients.
Methods: SCT/SOT recipients aged ≥18 years with 1000100,000 CMV DNA copies/mL in blood/plasma and no documented CMV organ disease were randomized 1:1:1:1 to receive oral MBV 400, 800 or 1200 mg twice daily (BID), or VGC (Weeks 13: 900 mg BID, after Week 3: 900 mg once daily; adjusted for renal function), for up to 12 weeks. Primary safety analysis focused on incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs). Primary efficacy endpoint was proportion of patients with confirmed undetectable plasma CMV DNA within 3 and 6 weeks of treatment (responders). Treatment effect estimates were calculated for the pooled MBV group versus VGC and compared statistically; no statistical tests were performed on safety endpoints.
Results: Between May 2012 and July 2014, 159/161 randomized patients received study drug (119 MBV [58 SOT], 40 VGC [19 SOT]); median (range) age 58 (1876) years. Efficacy results are shown in the table.
Most TEAEs were mildmoderate in severity. Gastrointestinal AEs (nausea/vomiting/diarrhea) occurred more frequently in those receiving MBV (2023%) versus VGC (1015%); dysgeusia occurred more frequently with MBV (40%) versus VGC (3%) but with no apparent dose effect. Neutropenia (ANC <1000/mm3) occurred less frequently with MBV (5%) versus VGC (18%).
Conclusion: MBV 4001200 mg BID had similar efficacy to VGC at clearing CMV viremia among SCT/SOT recipients, with a similar treatment effect across MBV doses. MBV was generally well tolerated with a safety profile similar to previous studies.
P. Jaksch, None
X. Poiré, None
J. J. Wu, Shire: Employee , Salary
A. Wijatyk, Shire: Employee , Salary and Stock
F. Saliba, Viropharma: Investigator and Scientific Advisor , Speaker honorarium
O. Witzke, None
S. Villano, Shire (at time of study): Employee , Salary