2011. Daptomycin susceptibility of clinical isolates in invasive Staphylcoccus aureus infections in Korean hospitals: can resistance to daptomycin occur without previous exposure?
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Antimicrobial Resistance Mechanisms
Saturday, October 29, 2016
Room: Poster Hall
Posters
  • Dapto poster - IDWEEK 2016 - 황주희.pdf (396.4 kB)
  • Background: It was suggested that daptomycin non-susceptibility in Staphylococcus aureus can be induced by vancomycin exposure in vitro and in vivo without daptomycin exposure. To prove this, we conducted a multicenter study in a large scale to evaluate whether daptomycin non-susceptibility can occur in the isolates from Korean patients with invasive S. aureus (ISA) infection who have never been exposed to daptomycin.

    Methods:  We selected potential daptomycin-resistant isolates from S. aureus collection in the previous prospective study for ISA infections which was performed from July 2009 to June 2011 at 10 hospitals in Korea. Potential daptomycin resistant S. aureus isolates were defined as follows: 1) heteroresistant vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus(h-VISA), 2) S. aureus strain with vancomycin minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) more than 1.5 ug/mL by Etest or brothmicrodilution (BMD), 3) persistent S. aureusbacteremia for 7 days or more. Vancomycin MICs were determined by the BMD and Etest, and daptomycin MICs by Etest. Clinical characteristics were collected and multilocus sequence typing was performed for the daptomycin non-susceptible S. aureus strains.

    Results:  A total of 208 non-duplicate S. aureus isolates from the cases of ISA infections, of which 171 was MRSA were screened for daptomycin non-susceptibility by Etest. Among these, 124 showed vancomycin MICs more than 1.5 ug/mL, 93 persistent bacteremia, and 42 h-VISA with overlaps. Five S. aureus isolates with daptomycin non-susceptibility (MIC >1 ug/mL) were detected. These were isolated from patients without previous vancomycin exposure. All of them had healthcare associated (HA) infections and underwent surgery within recent one year. All but one of these patients had catheter-associated bloodstream infections or surgical site infections (Table).

    Conclusion:  Daptomycin non-susceptible S. aureus is extremely rare in Korea where daptomycin is not commercially available yet. However, this study showed that daptomycin resistance in HA-ISA infections can develop without previous exposure to daptomycin or vancomycin.


    Joo-Hee Hwang, MD1, Eun Young Nam, MD1,2, Soo-Jin Yang, PhD3, Eu Suk Kim, MD1,2, Kyung-Hwa Park, MD4, Sook-in Jung, MD4, Nara Yoon, MD5, Dong-Min Kim, M.D., PhD.5, Chang-Seop Lee, MD6, Hee-Chang Jang, MD7, Yoonseon Park, MD8, Kkot Sil Lee, MD9, Yee Gyung Kwak, MD10, Jae Hoon Lee, MD11, Seong Yeon Park, MD12, Moonsuk Kim, MD1,2, Kyoung-Ho Song, MD1,2, Hong Bin Kim, MD, PhD1,2 and Korea INfectious Diseases (KIND) study group, (1)Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea, The Republic of, (2)Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, The Republic of, (3)School of Bioresources and Bioscience, Chung-Ang University, Anseong, Korea, The Republic of, (4)Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea, The Republic of, (5)Internal Medicine, Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea, The Republic of, (6)Internal Medicine, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea, The Republic of, (7)Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, Korea, The Republic of, (8)Internal Medicine, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, The Republic of, (9)Internal Medicine, Seonam University Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea, The Republic of, (10)Internal Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea, The Republic of, (11)Internal Medicine, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea, The Republic of, (12)Internal Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea, The Republic of

    Disclosures:

    J. H. Hwang, None

    E. Y. Nam, None

    S. J. Yang, None

    E. S. Kim, None

    K. H. Park, None

    S. I. Jung, None

    N. Yoon, None

    D. M. Kim, None

    C. S. Lee, None

    H. C. Jang, None

    Y. Park, None

    K. S. Lee, None

    Y. G. Kwak, None

    J. H. Lee, None

    S. Y. Park, None

    M. Kim, None

    K. H. Song, None

    H. B. Kim, None

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