1199. Occupational Distribution of Campylobacter and Salmonella Cases – Ohio, 2014 
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Clinical Infectious Diseases: Enteric Infections
Friday, October 28, 2016
Room: Poster Hall
  • IDWeek poster-42x72_final.pdf (366.7 kB)
  • Background: Campylobacter and Salmonella are two major causes of diarrheal disease spread through exposure to water or food contaminated with feces of infected humans or colonized animals. Workers in some occupations are at risk of acquiring infection through their jobs. We reviewed case reports to assess the occupational distribution of both diseases and identify high risk occupations.

    Methods: Data on cases of Campylobacter and Salmonella infection among Ohio residents ≥15 years old that were reported in 2014 were obtained from Ohio’s electronic disease surveillance system. Occupational information was abstracted from a free-text field for recording all cases’ occupations and additional data fields related to three sensitive occupations: healthcare workers, food handlers and daycare workers. Each employed case with occupational data available was assigned a 2010 Standard Occupational Classification code. The occupational distributions of cases were compared with the occupational distribution of all employed persons in Ohio, using reference data from the American Community Survey.

    Results: Occupational information was available for 805 (60.5%) of 1330 Campylobacter cases and 689 (75.8%) of 909 Salmonella cases. Of 441 employed Campylobacter cases, 11.8% were in healthcare occupations, 9.8% were in production occupations, and 4.1% were in farm occupations. Of 368 employed Salmonella cases, 15.5% were in healthcare occupations, 9.8% were in food preparation and service related occupations, and 1.4% were in farm occupations. The proportions of cases in these occupations were higher than the proportions of all employed persons in Ohio. The proportions of cases employed in several other service occupations were also higher than the proportions of all employed persons in those occupations.

    Conclusion: Clinicians and public health workers should recognize the possible linkage between a patient’s disease and their work. Workers with occupational risk factors should be educated about disease awareness, appropriate use of personal protective equipment and proper hygiene techniques at work. Occupational information should be collected and analyzed systematically in infectious disease surveillance systems.

    Chia-Ping Su, MD, MSc and Sara E. Luckhaupt, MD, MPH, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, & Field Studies, CDC/NIOSH, Cincinnati, OH


    C. P. Su, None

    S. E. Luckhaupt, None

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