1220. Assessing the Non-fatal Burden of Childhood Diarrhea Including Malnutrition, Physical Growth, and Cognitive Development
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Clinical Infectious Diseases: Enteric Infections
Friday, October 28, 2016
Room: Poster Hall
Posters
  • IDWeek_DALYs poster_final.pdf (401.6 kB)
  • Background: The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) is a systematic, scientific effort to measure the magnitude of health loss by age, sex, and population over time. Disease burden in this study is measured in disability adjusted life years (DALYs) which are a sum of mortality and morbidity. The global burden of childhood diarrhea is substantial and is dominated by mortality. However, in light of increasing evidence of the long-term outcomes associated with childhood diarrhea, diarrhea DALYs in GBD may be underestimated.

    Methods: We have conducted a systematic review of published and unpublished cohort studies and performed meta-analyses of the impact of childhood diarrhea on physical growth and cognitive development, including the varying effects of different pathogens. We are preparing to include these sequelae in future iterations of GBD.

    Results: Our results show that diarrhea significantly increases the risk of subsequent physical growth and cognitive development impairment. Each day of diarrhea was associated with a decrease in height-for-age z-score (HAZ) of 0.003 and a weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) of 0.006. The effect is not uniform by pathogen. Cryptosporidium diarrhea is strongly associated with stunting (-0.06 HAZ per episode) and underweight (-0.11 WAZ per episode). Further, physical growth is significantly associated with childhood cognitive development. Each unit increase in HAZ was associated with an increase in standardized intelligence z-scores of 0.08. However, diarrhea was not significantly associated with cognitive development in our analysis, suggesting that malnutrition may be a modifier in this relationship.

    Conclusion: Our findings call for including long-term sequelae in GBD and other analyses and better quantifying the non-fatal consequences of childhood diarrhea for a more complete understanding of the burden of diarrhea.

    Ibrahim Abdel-Messih Khalil, M.D, MPH1, Christopher Troeger, MPH1, Puja Rao, MPH1, Mohammad Forouzanfar, M.D, PhD1, Danny Columbara, MPH2, Kavita Misra, MPH2 and Ali Mokdad, PhD1, (1)Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, (2)Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of washington, Seattle, WA

    Disclosures:

    I. Abdel-Messih Khalil, None

    C. Troeger, None

    P. Rao, None

    M. Forouzanfar, None

    D. Columbara, None

    K. Misra, None

    A. Mokdad, None

    << Previous Abstract | Next Abstract

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. CDT, Wednesday Oct. 26th with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.