1223. In Vitro Activity of Omadacycline and Comparator Compounds against Gram-positive Isolates Collected in the USA During 2016 as Part of a Global Surveillance Program
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Expanded Spectrum - New Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing
Friday, October 6, 2017
Room: Poster Hall CD
Posters
  • IDWeek2017-omadacycline.pdf (978.6 kB)
  • Background: Omadacycline (OMC) is a broad spectrum aminomethylcycline antibacterial in late stage clinical development (PO and IV formulations) for treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP). OMC has potent in vitro activity against gram-positive (GP) pathogens expressing common resistance mechanisms to penicillins, tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones and macrolides.

    Methods: A total of 4,122 GP isolates were collected in 2016 from 30 USA medical centers and included 2,366 staphylococci, 1,252 streptococci and 504 enterococci. A single isolate/patient/infection episode was included. Identifications were confirmed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry and susceptibility (S) testing was performed using reference broth microdilution methods.

    Results: OMC was equally active against methicillin-susceptible (55.1% MSSA) and -resistant (44.9% MRSA) Staphylococcus aureus (SA; MIC50/90, 0.12/0.25 µg/mL). All SA were S to daptomycin (DAP), linezolid (LZD) and vancomycin (VAN). In MRSA, S was lower for levofloxacin (LEV; 28.2%), clindamycin (CLI; 69.9%), and erythromycin (ERY; 10.9%). OMC (MIC50/90, 0.12/0.5 µg/mL) and tigecycline (TGC; MIC50/90, 0.06/12 µg/mL) were the most active agents against coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) and methicillin-R CoNS. S. pneumoniae (including penicillin- [12.8% resistant], ceftriaxone- and ERY-resistant strains), viridans group streptococci (VGS) and β-hemolytic streptococci (including ERY and tetracycline resistant strains) were inhibited by low levels of OMC (MIC50/90 0.06/0.06-0.12 µg/mL) and TGC (MIC50/90 0.03-0.06/0.06-0.12 µg/mL). OMC was highly potent against enterococci (MIC50/90 0.12/0.25 µg/mL) including vancomycin-R isolates. Vancomycin resistance rates were 4.3% and 66.5% in E. faecalis and E. faecium, respectively.

    Conclusion: OMC demonstrated potent activity against susceptible and resistant GP pathogens often associated with ABSSSI and CABP including staphylococci, S. pneumoniae, β-hemolytic streptococci, VGS and enterococci. These data support further omadacycline clinical studies, especially in infections where resistant GP isolates occur.

    Michael D. Huband, BS1, Michael a. Pfaller, M.D.1, Helio S. Sader, MD, PhD2 and Robert K. Flamm, PhD3, (1)JMI Laboratories, Inc., North Liberty, IA, (2)JMI Laboratories, North Liberty, IA, (3)United States Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing, Silverton, OR

    Disclosures:

    M. D. Huband, Paratek Pharma, LLC: Research Contractor , Research grant

    M. A. Pfaller, Paratek Pharma, LLC: Research Contractor , Research grant

    H. S. Sader, Paratek Pharma, LLC: Research Contractor , Research grant

    R. K. Flamm, Paratek Pharma, LLC: Research Contractor , Research grant

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