Methods: A total of 36,683 Gram-positive (GP) and -negative (GN) bacteria isolated during 2014-2016 were selected from medical centers in the US and Europe. Susceptibility testing (S) was performed by frozen-form broth microdilution methods for DLX and comparators.
Results: DLX was very active against Staphylococcus aureus (SA, n= 9,355; MIC50/90, 0.008/0.5 mg/L) while the levofloxacin (LEV) MIC50/90 was 0.25/>4 mg/L (67.9%S ). The MIC50/90 for methicillin-resistant SA (MRSA) was 0.12/1 mg/L. For MRSA, all isolates were S to vancomycin and daptomycin (DAP), linezolid and tigecycline (TGC) S was ≥99.9%. Decreased rates of S were noted for LEV (29.8%), clindamycin (72.9%), and erythromycin (17.3/17.8%; CLSI/EUCAST). Minocycline (MIC50/90, 0.12/0.25 mg/L), ceftaroline (MIC50/90, 0.25/0.5 mg/L), DAP (MIC50/90, 0.5/0.5 mg/L), and DLX (MIC50/90, 0.015/0.5 mg/L) were the most active agents tested against coagulase-negative staphylococci. Against Streptococcus pneumoniae (SPN), the MIC50/90 for DLX (0.015/0.03 mg/L) and TGC (0.03/0.06 mg/L) were the lowest among the agents tested. The DLX MIC50/90 values did not vary among the penicillin-S, -intermediate, and -R subgroups of SPN. The MIC50/90 values for DLX against S. pyogenes and S. agalactiae were 0.015/0.03 mg/L. DLX was highly active against Haemophilus influenzae. The DLX MIC50/90 (≤0.001/0.004 mg/L) was the same for β-lactamase positive and negative H. influenzae. Against Enterobacteriaceae, 76.0% of DLX MIC values were ≤1 mg/L. Susceptibility to LEV was 80.8%, and S to ceftriaxone, ceftazidime (CAZ), and cefepime ranged from 78.5-86.3%. A total of 72.6% of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates exhibited DLX MIC values ≤1 mg/L, while LEV S was 73.2% and CAZ was 81.6%. The MIC50/90 for both DLX and LEV were 0.5/>4 mg/L, respectively.
Conclusion: DLX was active against a broad range of GP and GN bacteria, including MRSA and multidrug-resistant SPN. DLX merits further study as therapy in infections in which these organisms may occur.
R. K. Flamm,
M. D. Huband, Melinta Therapeutics: Research Contractor , Research grant
S. McCurdy, Melinta Therapeutics: Employee , Salary
M. A. Pfaller, Melinta Therapeutics: Research Contractor , Research grant
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