1012. Hearing Loss in Cryptococcal Meningitis Survivors
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Adult CNS Infection
Friday, October 6, 2017
Room: Poster Hall CD
  • Lofgren IDSA Hearing Loss Poster 2Oct2017.pdf (566.1 kB)
  • Background:

    Hearing loss is a known complication cryptococcal meningitis (CM); however, there is a paucity of data. We aimed to describe hearing loss in CM survivors.


    We assessed hearing via audiometry 8 and 18 weeks after diagnosis of CM in Kampala, Uganda from 2015-2016. We measured at 0.5, 1, 2, 4 Hz. Normal hearing was defined as minimum hearing level at <25 decibels (dB), mild at 25-39, moderate hearing at 40-69, severe at 70-89, and profound hearing loss at 90+ dB. We compared clinical factors, fungal burden, and CSF parameters to evaluate for factors associated with improvement (change in hearing loss category).


    We evaluated hearing symptoms via audiogram at week 8 (n=117) and week 18 (n=98). At 8-weeks, 6 (5%) participants had normal hearing, 36 (31%) had mild hearing loss, 72 (62%) had moderate hearing loss, 3 (3%) had severe hearing loss and none had profound hearing loss. Of those with moderate/severe/profound loss at week 8, 63 (54%) had mixed conductive + sensorineural hearing loss, 15 (13%) had sensorineural hearing loss, and 14 (12%) had conductive hearing loss. An additional 19 (16%) had sensorineural loss but unknown air conduction, and 3 (3%) did not have sensorineural loss but unknown air conduction. We compared risk factors for hearing loss summarized in Table 1. We assessed 66 participants who had repeated audiograms at week 8 and week 18. Of those 31 (47%) had no change, 30 (45%) had improvement and 5 (8%) had worsening.


    Moderate/severe hearing loss was common 8 weeks after diagnosis of CM. More than half had mixed hearing loss and 20% had conductive hearing loss which represents a higher incidence than noted in other types of meningitis. The data is complicated by advanced HIV. Further research is needed evaluating immunologic factors causes hearing impairment in those who survived CM.

    Table 1. Risk Factors for Hearing Loss 8 weeks post Cryptococcal Meningitis.

    CSF Parameter


    Normal Hearing or Mild Hearing Loss


    Moderate, Severe, or Profound Hearing Loss


    P value via Chi Square

    Diagnosis Opening Pressure >25 cm H2O


    24 (71%)

    28 (45%)


    Average Opening Pressure >20 cm H20


    34 (81%)

    43 (61%)


    Quantitative Culture >100,000 CFU/mL


    14 (33%)

    26 (35%)


    Diagnosis CSF WBCs >4 /mL


    16 (42%)

    29 (43%)


    Sarah Lofgren, MD1, Martha Montgomery, MD, MHS2, Nathan Yueh, BA2, Alice Namudde, Nursing3, Joshua Rhein, MD4, Mahsa Abassi, DO4, Abdu Musubire, MMed3, David Meya, PhD5, David Boulware, MD, MPH2 and ASTRO-CM Team, (1)Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, (2)University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, (3)Infectious Disease Institute, Kampala, Uganda, (4)Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, (5)Infectious Disease Institute, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda


    S. Lofgren, None

    M. Montgomery, None

    N. Yueh, None

    A. Namudde, None

    J. Rhein, None

    M. Abassi, None

    A. Musubire, None

    D. Meya, None

    D. Boulware, None

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