2133. Clinical Utility of Universal PCR and its Real-world Impact on Patient Management
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Stewardship: Impact of Diagnostics
Saturday, October 7, 2017
Room: Poster Hall CD
Posters
  • PCR Poster format 9-22-17_BGTB.png (421.6 kB)
  • Background: Over the past decade, detection of bacterial and fungal DNA by universal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been increasingly used for organism identification in culture negative tissue samples. Few studies have assessed the diagnostic utility of this test in real-world clinical practice. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical performance of this test by examining available clinical information, test results and the impact on patient management.

    Methods: We performed a single-center retrospective cohort study of patients who had clinical specimens sent for universal PCR from August 2013 to April 2016. Clinical data were extracted from medical records. Odds ratios were calculated and patients testing positive/negative were compared with univariate logistic regression. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive values were calculated by comparing the test result with a gold standard composite final clinical diagnosis determined by 3 independent reviewers based on all available clinical information.

    Results: 71 tissue samples were included, of which 21(29.6%) were positive. 12 bacteria, 3 mycobacteria and 7 fungi were identified. The number of leukocytes in the gram stain (odds ratio, OR 1.57, p=0.04) and presence of inflammation on histopathological examination (OR 5.69, p=0.02) were found to be significantly associated with a positive result. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive values were 56%, 95%, 91% & 70% respectively. Management was altered in 22 patients, 9 of whom had a positive and 13 had a negative result.

    Conclusion: These findings suggest that the universal PCR assay has significant clinical utility, but the yield of this test can be optimized by careful patient/specimen selection. Utility was highest in patients with microscopic evidence of inflammation by gram stain or histopathlogical examination. Specificity was high. Use of this complex, difficult to interpret, and expensive test should be limited to infectious disease physicians incorporating all available clinical information to optimize performance.

    Tinzar Basein, MD1, Bradley Gardiner, MBBS1, Gabriela M. Andujar-Vazquez, MD1, Andrew Stevenson Joel Chandranesan, MD1, Arthur Rabson, MD2, Shira Doron, MD, MS, FIDSA1 and David R Snydman, MD1, (1)Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, (2)Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA

    Disclosures:

    T. Basein, None

    B. Gardiner, None

    G. M. Andujar-Vazquez, None

    A. S. Joel Chandranesan, None

    A. Rabson, None

    S. Doron, None

    D. R. Snydman, None

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. PDT, Wednesday Oct. 4th with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.