577. Dyslipidaemia among Children living with HIV after 48 weeks of First-line Antiretroviral therapy
Session: Poster Abstract Session: HIV: Cardiovascular Disease, Lipids, Diabetes
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Room: Poster Hall CD
  • Poster_26_Sep.JPG (6.4 MB)
  • Background:

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) associated dyslipidaemia has been reported among children living with HIV (CLHIV) in both developed and developing countries. Not much data is available on changes in blood lipid profile among CLHIV on first-line ART in India. Aims: To study the changes in the Lipid profile among CLHIVs, 12 months after initiating a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based (NNRTI) ART


    A prospective multicentric study enrolled HIV infected children, between 2-12 years of age, initiating NNRTI-based ART in south India. Clinical details, anthropometry and fasting blood for estimating serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TGL), high-density cholesterol (HDL-c), low-density cholesterol (LDL-c), plasma viral load and CD4 cell counts was collected. These measurements were repeated at 6th and 12th month after ART initiation. Proportion of children with abnormal lipid profile at baseline and 12 months after ART were compared using McNemar test. Generalized linear model was applied to predict factors associated with changes in serum lipid levels 12 months post-ART.


    Of the 393 HIV-infected children, 66 % received Zidovudine and 14 % Stavudine in their ART regimen. After 12 months of ART, TC, LDL-c and HDL-c increased from baseline by a mean of 31mg/dL, 13.7 mg/dL and 19mg/dl, respectively. TC/HDL-c ratio decreased from a mean of 5.1 to 3.5 (all changes, P <0.000). At baseline and 12 months, respectively, TC was >200 mg/dL for 3% and 13% of patients, LDL-c was >130 mg/dL for 5% and 8%, HDL-c was <35 mg/dL for 70% and 16%, and TG were >150 mg/dL for 38% and 24%. Baseline HIV viral load >400 copies/mL (P, 0.01) was associated with increase in HDL-c and lower TG levels (P, 0.008). Baseline CD4 % <15 and younger age group were significantly associated with increase in TC (P, 0.02) and decrease in TGL (P,0.02) after 12-months of ART.

    Conclusion: Significant changes in serum lipid profile occurs early in children started on first-line ART. Increase in the cardio protective HDL-c was proportionally greater than increases in TC or TGL. Regular monitoring of lipid levels will help in early identification of metabolic complications of ART

    Bhavani Perumal Kannabiran, MBBS, MPH1, Padmapriyadarsini C, MBBS, MS2, Sanjeeva G N, DCH, DNB Paediatrics3, Srinivasan R, M.Sc., M.P.S., Ph.D2, Anita Shet, MD, phD4, Poorana Ganga Devi N, MBBS2, Devarajulu Reddy, MBBS2, Suresh Elumalai, MD Paediatrics5, Christine A Wanke, MD,6 and Soumya Swaminathan, MBBS, MD, MNAMB Paediatrics7, (1)Clinical Research, National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India, (2)National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis, Chennai, India, (3)Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health, Bangalore, India, (4)Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, WA, (5)Institute of Child Health and Government hospital for Children, Chennai, India, (6)Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, (7)Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India


    B. Perumal Kannabiran, None

    P. C, None

    S. G N, None

    S. R, None

    A. Shet, None

    P. Ganga Devi N, None

    D. Reddy, None

    S. Elumalai, None

    C. A Wanke, None

    S. Swaminathan, None

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. PDT, Wednesday Oct. 4th with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.