Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of the first 50 patients at our institution from March 1, 2016 to March 1, 2017 with a neg T2 Candida assay result (data collection is ongoing). If a patient had multiple valid T2 assays, only the 1st result was used for analysis. The patients’ medical records were reviewed for use and duration of empiric AFT, results of blood cultures, treatment modification, underlying illness, risk factors for candida infection, length of stay, and 14-day mortality from the time of the T2 assay.
Results: Twenty-four patients were never started on AFT. Of the 26 who received AFT, it was stopped in 15 (57%) following T2 results (median time to stop empiric AFT = 2 days (1-16)). The reasons for continuing AFT in the cases of neg T2 assays included hematologic malignancy patients who were on long-term prophylaxis with antifungals (6 patients), empiric use in a case of severe sepsis (1 patient), and positive culture results despite neg T2 assay in 4 patients: 1 patient with C. lusitaniae in blood culture, 1 patient with C. parapsilosis from positive culture of medical device, 1 patient with neg T2 but positive blood cultures from 2 days prior for C. albicans (was on antifungal therapy at time of test), 1 patient with C. guilliermondii in blood culture.
Conclusion: We conclude that a neg T2 Candida assay affects empirical use of AFT in certain patient populations and may be useful in controlling the overuse of antifungal agents.
M. Weinstein, None
N. Narayanan, None
T. Kirn, None