2079. PCR-based Diagnosis of Mucormycosis Targeting Mucorales specific Genes
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Diagnostics - Mycology
Saturday, October 7, 2017
Room: Poster Hall CD
Background: Mucormycosis is a life-threatening infection caused by fungi in the order Mucorales. Among them, Rhizopus spp. are responsible for 50-70% of all cases of mucormycosis, followed by Mucor spp. and Lichtheimia spp. Standard treatment of mucormycosis involves surgical removal of infected tissue and antifungal therapy. However, the rapid progression of the disease and the current lack of early and reliable diagnostic assay contribute to the high mortality rates of 50%-100%.

Methods: We propose a PCR-based approach targeting the spore coating protein homolog encoding CotH genes. CotH are universally and uniquely present among Mucorales and they encode cell surface proteins that are required for mucormycosis pathogenesis. Bioinformatic analyses were used to identify short consensus sequences present in CotHgenes from different Mucorales to be used as PCR primers. Candidates were tested for the amplification of PCR-products from gDNA of different Mucorales. The sensitivity of selected primers was tested using biological samples spiked with different spores concentrations. Finally, the best candidate primers were used to detect the presence of pathogen DNA from biological samples taken from mice infected intratracheally with different Mucorales.

Results: Our best candidate primers could amplify the specific sequence from R. delemar, R. oryzae, M. circinelloides, L. corymbifera and Cunninghamella bertholletiae. These primers had a sensitivity of detecting 10 spores into a spiked sample. The specificity for the unique CotH target enabled us to differentiate between Mucorales and closely related filamentous fungus, e.g. Aspergillus fumigatus. Genomic DNA extraction was successful from all considered biological samples; remarkably, infection was successfully detected from biological samples taken from mice infected with different Mucorales as early as 24 h post infection.

Conclusion: We have successfully developed a simple PCR-based approach which is fast, reliable and sensitive enough to detect Mucorales gDNA in murine biological samples as early as 1 day post infection. CotH genes as target will allow a better differentiation between Mucorales species and other closely related filamentous fungi.

Clara Baldin, PhD1, Sameh Soliman, PhD2, Heewon Jeon, BS1, Teclegiorgis Gebremariam, MS1, Sondus Alkhazraji, PhD1, Vincent Bruno, PhD3, John Edwards, MD1,4 and Ashraf Ibrahim, PhD1,4, (1)Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, (2)Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, (3)Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, (4)David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA

Disclosures:

C. Baldin, None

S. Soliman, None

H. Jeon, None

T. Gebremariam, None

S. Alkhazraji, None

V. Bruno, None

J. Edwards, None

A. Ibrahim, None

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