Methods: Kentucky Medicaid records, from 2015, were obtained to develop a detailed demographic, behavioral, clinical, and diagnostic data set (n=152,749). NAS was defined by ICD-9 code 779.5 and ICD-10 code P96.1. HepC screening was defined by CPT codes (CPT 87520 [HCV, direct probe], 87521 [HCV, amplified probe], and 87522 [HCV RNA, Quantitative] or antibody [CPTs 86803-4]). Initially a descriptive study was performed, then multiple logistic regression techniques were used to test what variables impacted the odds of not being screened for HepC.
Results:A total of n=1234 newborns with NAS were identified. The majority showed signs of NAS within 24 hours (64%), were white (68%) and were admitted to the hospital for an average of 24.8 days. Only one-in-three newborns with NAS (n=412, 33.4%) were screened for HepC. Non-whites (OR=1.58, 95% CI 1.45-1.71, p<0.001) and those living in non-urban areas (OR=1.42, 95% CI 1.28-1.56, p<0.001) were the only study variables to significantly impact the odds of not being screened for HepC (for newborns suffering from NAS).
Conclusion:A high-risk and vulnerable population for HepC may not be getting screened for HepC and thus are being underserved by the health care system. Non-whites and those in rural areas are the most affected. Solutions and policies need to be focused on this population and area where screening is lacking. Optimization of maternal screening for HepC is crucial in high risk populations.
C. Espinosa, None
C. Woods, None
S. Duncan, None