Methods: We performed a retrospective study of S. lugdunensis, isolated from inpatients and outpatients at our hospital from 2008 to 2017. Rate of methicillin resistance of the first 5 years from 2008 to 2012, and that of the second 5 years from 2013 to 2017 were compared. Risk factors of methicillin resistance were also evaluated. Phenotypic detection of methicillin resistance was identified using broth microdilution by VITEK 2 system (bioMérieux).
Results: A total of 369 cases of S. lugdunensis were detected during the study period. Of all cases, 228 (61.8%) were men, and 177 (48.0%) were hospitalized. Twenty-one isolates (5.7%) were positive in blood culture, 216 (58.5%) were positive in cultures of skin and soft tissue. Methicillin-resistant strains were found in 43 (31.6%) of 136 isolates from 2008 to 2012, and in 108 (46.4%) of 233 from 2013 to 2017 (OR 1.87; 95%CI 1.20-2.91; p = 0.006). Of patients with methicillin-resistant S. lugdunensis, 105 cases (69.5%) were hospitalized (p <0.001).
Conclusion: In our hospital, methicillin-resistant S. lugdunensis is increasing over the 10 years. Further research is needed to assess trend of methicillin resistance of S. lugdunensis in other healthcare facilities and countries.
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