622. Increased IgA coating of gut microbes after administration of killed, whole-cell oral cholera vaccine
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Microbiome and Beyond
Thursday, October 4, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Posters
  • IDWeekposter_Weil.final.pdf (1.4 MB)
  • Background: Cholera vaccines are recommended for use in outbreaks to prevent infections and reduce severity of disease. Variable immune responses are observed after administration of killed, whole-cell cholera vaccines, and limited data suggests that the gut microbiome may be one factor influencing immune responses to vaccination. Methods: We used microbial DNA sequencing of stool and serum vibriocidal titers to examine the gut microbiome and immune responses to vaccination at day 0, 7, 17 and 44 in adult vaccine recipients in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Using flow cytometry based bacterial cell sorting, we identified IgA coated gut microbes in stool before and after vaccination in a subset of patients. Results: Vibriocidal titer magnitude and kinetics were used to classify participants. Within 17 days of vaccination, 86/89 (96%) adults developed a 4-fold rise in vibriocidal titer. Gut microbial diversity was not significantly changed after vaccination. Rate of seroconversion (fourfold increase in vibriocidal titer by day 3 after vaccination) was faster in participants with increased bacteria from the genus Prevotella (multivariate analysis using linear models, q value 0.04). The gut microbes of participants with higher peak vibriocidal titers was characterized by increased Prevotella (3% vs <0.1% of the total microbiome, p<0.001 unpaired t test, linear discriminant analysis score >3.5), particularly the species Prevotella copri (p<0.001, unpaired t test, linear discriminant analysis score >3.5). Lipopolysaccharide from Prevotella species is known to increase vaccination-associated antigen-specific antibody titers in animal models. Additionally, IgA coating of gut microbes in stool increased after vaccination, from 8.9% IgA coated at baseline to a peak level of 19% during follow up (Wilcoxon signed rank test, p<0.01). Conclusion: Certain microbiome profiles are correlated with greater immune responses to cholera vaccination, and IgA coating of gut bacteria indicates which commensal species may be participating in the mucosal immune response. The potential for modulation of mucosal immune responses based on gut microbial species warrants further study.
    Ana Weil, MD, MPH1, Taufiq Bhuiyan, PhD2, Meti Debela, BS1, Fahima Chowdhury, MBBS2, Ashraful Khan, MBBS2, Regina LaRocque, MD, MPH, FIDSA1, Edward Ryan, MD1, Stephen B. Calderwood, MD, FIDSA1, Firdausi Qadri, PhD2 and Jason Harris, MD, MPH, FIDSA1, (1)Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, (2)Infectious Diseases Division, International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh

    Disclosures:

    A. Weil, None

    T. Bhuiyan, None

    M. Debela, None

    F. Chowdhury, None

    A. Khan, None

    R. LaRocque, None

    E. Ryan, None

    S. B. Calderwood, None

    F. Qadri, None

    J. Harris, None

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