Methods: The MultiPath technology detects and counts cells in a 30-minute assay using non-magnified digital imaging. For identification, target pathogen cells are labeled using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with rRNA-specific probes, tagged with magnetic nanoparticles, deposited on a surface, imaged, and quantified. For AST, samples are mixed with growth medium, incubated for 4 hours in the presence of serial dilutions of antibiotics, FISH-labeled, magnetically selected, and quantified by digital imaging. The MultiPath assays use a dye-cushion layer to optically sequester the sample and unbound fluorescent probes from the imaging surface, eliminating the need for sample preparation and wash steps.
Results: The MultiPath ID method specifically detected a range of common CAUTI pathogens including E. coli, K. pneumonia, E. faecium, E. faecalis, and P. aeruginosa. The limit of detection for E. coli was 27 CFU in a 100 µL assay in 10% urine. We present data demonstrating target inclusivity, specificity, and dynamic range. Our AST feasibility study results show excellent correlation with the broth micro dilution reference test for 5 antibiotics. Variable inoculum levels had little impact on MICs in the study.
The data presented demonstrate the potential of the rapid ID/AST technology to achieve excellent analytical and clinical performance. This, combined with the method’s simplicity, robustness to sample matrix, and ease-of-use may make the method valuable for rapid syndromic infection diagnostics.
D. Straus, None