2172. Assessment of Cefepime Neurotoxicity in the FDA Adverse Reporting System
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Healthcare Epidemiology: HAI Surveillance
Saturday, October 6, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Posters
  • Groff Poster_IDWeek Cefepime Final.pdf (1.4 MB)
  • Background: Cefepime is a fourth-generation cephalosporin antibiotic used for the treatment of neutropenic fever, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections. The safety of cefepime is now being questioned as it has recently been implicated as a possible cause for lesser known adverse effects, including neurotoxicity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between cefepime and neurotoxicity.

    Methods: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reported to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) from January 1, 2015 to September 30, 2017 were extracted from the FDA's Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS). The Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) was used to identify preferred terms that were subsequently used to create a neurotoxicity composite ADR. Reporting Odds Ratios (RORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated for the neurotoxicity composite ADR and for common preferred terms associated with neurotoxicity. An association was considered to be statistically significant if the 95% CI did not include 1.0.

    Results: The neurotoxicity composite ADR (consisting of 40+ MedDRA preferred terms) occurred in 13.9% (n=209/1504) of cefepime reports. Cefepime was three times more likely to have a report of the neurotoxicity composite ADR as compared to other drugs in the FDA's FAERS database (ROR, 2.90; 95%CI, 2.51-3.36). The most frequent individual MedDRA preferred terms for the neurotoxicity composite ADR included (in descending order): “confusional state” (3.1%, 46/1504), “mental status changes” (2.8%, 42/1504), “encephalopathy” (2.3%, 35/1504), “seizure” (2.3%, 34/1504), “myoclonus” (1.8%, 27/1504), and “neurotoxicity” (1.2%, 18/1504). The highest RORs with cefepime vs. other drugs were (in descending order): “myoclonus” 45.0 (30.6-66.1), “encephalopathy” 29.7 (21.2-41.6), “mental status changes” 27.8 (20.4-37.8), “neurotoxicity” 26.7 (16.7-42.6), “confusional state” 4.3 (3.2-5.7), and “seizure” 3.5 (2.5-4.9).

    Conclusion: Cefepime was associated with significantly higher odds of myoclonus, encephalopathy, mental status changes, neurotoxicity, confusional state, seizure, and a neurotoxicity composite ADR as compared to other drugs. Practitioners should use caution in initiating cefepime in those patients at risk of neurotoxicity and monitor closely for ADRs.

    Lindsey Groff, BS, PharmD Candidate1, Chengwen Teng, PharmD, MS1, Victor Encarnacion, PharmD Candidate1, Huda Razzack, PharmD Candidate2, Obiageri Obodozie-Ofoegbu, BPharm, MSc, PhD1 and Christopher R. Frei, PharmD, MSc1, (1)The University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy and University of Texas Health Science Center Long School of Medicine, San Antonio, TX, (2)The University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy, Austin, TX

    Disclosures:

    L. Groff, None

    C. Teng, None

    V. Encarnacion, None

    H. Razzack, None

    O. Obodozie-Ofoegbu, None

    C. R. Frei, None

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. PDT, Wednesday Oct. 3rd with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.