1892. Preparing for an antibiotic stewardship intervention through nursing surveys of knowledge and safety
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Antimicrobial Stewardship: Qualitative Research
Saturday, October 6, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Posters
  • IDWeek2018_Poster1892_B Trautner.pdf (258.1 kB)
  • Background: We designed an intervention to reduce unnecessary antibiotic treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB), by decreasing unnecessary urine cultures. Nurses and clinical nurse assistants (CNAs) play important roles in requesting urine cultures. As preparation for the intervention, we assessed knowledge of the appropriate indications for urine cultures among these personnel while measuring their safety climate.

    Methods: Surveys were administered to licensed nursing personnel (RN, LPN, and NP) as well as to CNAs on all acute medical and long-term care units of four VA facilities across the nation. Surveys combined two validated sub-components: knowledge of ASB and safety attitudes. Knowledge questions, which differed in emphasis between the licensed personnel and the CNAs, focused on indications for urine cultures. Safety questions were the teamwork climate and safety climate domains from the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. Surveys were administered on paper during January-April 2018.

    Results: We received 110 responses from licensed nursing personnel and 40 from CNAs. The response rate on distributed surveys was 110/140 (79%) for licensed personnel and 40/50 (80%) for CNAs. 94% of nurses and 73% of CNAs correctly recognized fever as an indication for urine culture. Many also endorsed incorrect triggers for urine cultures: cloudy urine (80% of nurses, 55% of CNAs), foul-smelling urine (87% of nurses, 85% of CNAs), and a change in color (44% of nurses, 73% of CNAs). 50% of nurses endorsed screening urine cultures on admission of catheterized patients. Scores on the teamwork climate (highest possible score 100) were 70 for nurses and 79 for CNAs; scores on the safety climate were 70 for nurses and 78 for CNAs.

    Conclusion: This multi-center survey identified actionable gaps in knowledge about when to send urine cultures among nursing personnel in acute medical and long-term care units. However, scores on teamwork and safety climate were high, suggesting that these personnel have an effective voice in patient safety. Together our survey results indicate that empowering the personnel at the bedside to discourage unnecessary urine culturing should be a key component of our stewardship intervention.

    Barbara W. Trautner, MD, PhD, FIDSA1, Dimitri M. Drekonja, MD, MS, FIDSA2, Payal Patel, MD, MPH3, Christopher J. Graber, MD, MPH, FIDSA4, Timothy Gauthier, PharmD, BCPS-AQ ID5, Tracey Rosen, MPH1, Laura Dillon, MS1, Paola Lichtenberger, MD6, Aanand Naik, MD7 and Larissa Grigoryan, MD PhD8, (1)Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, (2)Department of Medicine, Infectious Diseases, Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Minneapolis, MN, (3)III-I (Infectious Diseases), Ann Arbor VA, Ann Arbor, MI, (4)Infectious Diseases Section, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, (5)Miami Veterans Affairs Healthcare, Miami, FL, (6)Infectious Diseases, Miami Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Miami, FL, (7)Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Services Research & Development Center of Excellence, Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX, Houston, TX, (8)Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX

    Disclosures:

    B. W. Trautner, Paratek: Consultant , Consulting fee . Zambon: Consultant , Consulting fee and Research grant .

    D. M. Drekonja, None

    P. Patel, None

    C. J. Graber, None

    T. Gauthier, None

    T. Rosen, None

    L. Dillon, None

    P. Lichtenberger, None

    A. Naik, None

    L. Grigoryan, None

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. PDT, Wednesday Oct. 3rd with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.