Methods: Aga Khan University Hospital Nairobi is a 280 bed referral center with 50 critical care beds. Candida species account for 34% of hospital acquired bloodstream infections (Maina et al., 2016). Blood cultures were monitored continuously using the Bactec and the VitekII was used for identification and susceptibility. The VitekII identified C. auris as Candida haemulonii, but species determinations were done for 21 of the isolates and all were identified as C. auris using published methods (Pfaller et al., 2012).
Results: From September 2010 to December 2016, 201 patients had 228 episodes of candidemia. Further analyses were performed only for first episodes. C. auris accounted for 38% of candidemia cases and 25% for C. albicans. A case control analysis was done to compare patients with C. auris vs. Candida albicans fungemia. C. auris patients were more likely to be from critical care beds (78% vs. 52%; p=0.003) and had been hospitalized longer (mean 33 days vs. 13 days; p <0.001) prior to the positive blood culture. There was a trend toward more pre-existing renal failure (39% vs. 24%; p=0.09) in C. auris patients and during the two weeks prior to candidemia, they were more likely to have central lines (84% vs. 54%; p=<0.001). C. auris patients received a mean of 3.35 antibiotic classes vs. 2.6 for C. albicans (p=0.02). 75% of C. auris patients received carbapenems vs 54% for C. albicans (p=0.02). Eighteen percent of C. auris patients had =>14 days of candidemia, despite frequent lack of followup blood cultures. Prolonged candidemia was not associated with development of in vitro resistance. The crude mortality was 29%, compared to 36% for C. albicans and 39% for other Candida spp. (NS).
Conclusion: These findings suggest an opportunistic pathogen that may be less virulent, but difficult to eradicate and that control efforts should focus on antimicrobial usage.
G. Revathi, None
M. Fontaine, None
E. Kagotho, None
M. Castanheira, Allergan: Research Contractor , Research support .
M. A. Pfaller, Allergan: Research Contractor , Research support .
D. Maina, None