1836. Characteristics of Nursing Homes associated with self-reported implementation of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Core Elements of Antibiotic Stewardship
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Antimicrobial Stewardship: Non-hospital Settings
Saturday, October 6, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Posters
  • NH_CoreElements.pdf (294.8 kB)
  • Background: CDC released the Core Elements of Antibiotic Stewardship (Core Elements) for Nursing Homes (NHs) in 2015. In 2017, CDCs Emerging Infections Program (EIP) evaluated uptake of the Core Elements in a cohort of NHs.

    Methods: NHs from CA, CO, CT, GA, MD, MN, NM, NY, OR, & TN were randomly selected to participate in a CDC EIP antimicrobial use prevalence survey; participation was voluntary. A NH leader (typically Director of Nursing or Infection Preventionist) completed a CDC questionnaire to self-report facility implementation of 15 individual activities within the 7 domains of the Core Elements. The number and percentage of facilities reporting “Yes” to each activity and a facility stewardship score (range 0-15, 1 point per activity) were calculated. Associations between the stewardship score and facility-level factors, obtained from the questionnaire and publically available Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) NH quality data, were identified using Analysis of Variance (Proc GLM) in SAS 9.4; a p-value <0.05 was considered significant.

     

    Results:  In 161 NHs (mean certified beds 118, 92% dual certified, 68% for-profit), the % of NHs reporting implementation of the 15 activities (Figure) ranged from 25% (has a formulary of antibiotic agents, providers required to perform an antibiotic “time-out”) to 88% (providers required to document dose, duration and indication). The median facility stewardship score was 9 (interquartile range 7-12). A higher stewardship score was significantly associated with having: an infection preventionist who completed a certified training course (Yes vs No, p=0.029), higher number of attending physicians per 100 NH beds (upper quartile vs. lower 3 quartiles, p=0.029), and higher CMS quality measure score (scale of 1 to 5 points, p=0.025).

    Conclusion: These data, collected approximately 2 years after release of the Core Elements, show NHs have begun to implement many policies or practices consistent with CDC antibiotic stewardship guidance. However, improved understanding of the uptake and barriers associated with implementation of the Core Elements can inform development of stewardship initiatives, identify NHs in need of stewardship interventions, and accelerate adoption.

    Nicola D. Thompson, PhD1, Cedric Brown, MS1, Taniece Eure, MPH1, Austin Penna, MPH1, Grant Barney, BS2, Devra Barter, MS3, Nicolai Buhr, MPH4, Paula Clogher, MPH5, Ghinwa Dumyati, MD, FSHEA6, Erin Epson, MD7, Linda Frank, RN8, Deborah Godine, RN8, Lourdes Irizarry, MD9, Helen Johnston, MPH3, Marion A. Kainer, MBBS, MPH10, Ruth Lynfield, MD, FIDSA11, J.P. Mahoehney, MPH12, Meghan Maloney, MPH13, Susan Morabit, MSN, RN, PHCNS-BC, CIC14, Joelle Nadle, MPH8, Rebecca Pierce, PhD, MS, BSN15, Susan M. Ray, MD, FIDSA16, Sarah Shrum, MPH17, Marla Sievers, MD9, Lucy E. Wilson, MD, ScM18, Nimalie D. Stone, MD, MS1 and Shelley S. Magill, MD, PhD1, (1)Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, (2)NY Emerging Infections Program, Center for Community Health, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, (3)Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Denver, CO, (4)Office of Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Outbreak Response, Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Baltimore, MD, (5)Yale, New Haven, CT, (6)NY Emerging Infections Program, Center for Community Health and Prevention, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, (7)Healthcare-Associated Infections Program, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA, (8)California Emerging Infections Program, Oakland, CA, (9)New Mexico EIP/Department of Health, Santa Fe, NM, (10)Communicable and Environmental Diseases and Emergency Preparedness, Tennessee Department of Public Health, Nashville, TN, (11)Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, MN, (12)Minnesota EIP/Department of Health, Minneapolis, MN, (13)Connecticut Department of Public Health, Hartford, CT, (14)Georgia Emerging Infections Program, Decatur, GA, (15)Acute and Communicable Disease Prevention, Oregon Health Authority, Portland, OR, (16)Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, (17)New Mexico Department of Health, Santa Fe, NM, (18)Maryland Department of Health, Baltimore, MD

    Disclosures:

    N. D. Thompson, None

    C. Brown, None

    T. Eure, None

    A. Penna, None

    G. Barney, None

    D. Barter, None

    N. Buhr, None

    P. Clogher, None

    G. Dumyati, None

    E. Epson, None

    L. Frank, None

    D. Godine, None

    L. Irizarry, None

    H. Johnston, None

    M. A. Kainer, None

    R. Lynfield, None

    J. P. Mahoehney, None

    M. Maloney, None

    S. Morabit, None

    J. Nadle, None

    R. Pierce, None

    S. M. Ray, None

    S. Shrum, None

    M. Sievers, None

    L. E. Wilson, None

    N. D. Stone, None

    S. S. Magill, None

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. PDT, Wednesday Oct. 3rd with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.