417. Clinical Mycology in Latin America and the Caribbean: diagnostic capabilities and antifungal therapy
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Fungal Disease: Management and Outcomes
Thursday, October 4, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Posters
  • 417_IDWPOSTER.pdf (171.5 kB)
  • Background: No data is available about diagnostic capabilities and practice in clinical mycology in Latin America and the Caribbean.

    Methods: Here, we conducted an online survey aimed to assess availability, routine diagnostic procedures and access to therapy. Contacts were made through LIFE initiative (Leading International Fungal Education), SBI (Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases), SBAC (Brazilian Society of Clinical Analysis) and SBM (Brazilian Society of Microbiology) during the first 2018 trimester.

    Results: We got 128 responses, each one from a single health care institution. Countries included Brazil (96), Mexico (9), Colombia (5), Uruguay (3), Guatemala (3), Argentina (2), Chile (2), Paraguay (2), Venezuela (2), Barbados (1), Ecuador (1), Honduras (1) and Peru (1). Most frequent institution profiles were public (38%), private (14%) and university hospitals (22%). Number of hospital beds varied between 12-3000 (median 200 beds). ICU beds ranged 3-500 (15 beds). Most institutions provided care for hematology (63%) and HIV (31%) patients. Yeast identification was performed by biochemical tests (76%), automated methods (65%), and MALDI-TOF (15%). Twelve percent of responders had access to DNA sequencing. Almost a half (39%) of institutions did not undertake antifungal susceptibility tests, 47% did it only for yeasts, 2% molds. Fifteen (12%) institutions performed antifungal susceptibility tests routinely for all fungal isolates. Automated methods were the most frequently used antifungal susceptibility methodology (38%). Eighty-two (64%) institutions had no access to therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). Cryptococccal antigen testing was available for 75% of responders.

    Conclusion: This survey was the largest and most updated snapshot of the clinical mycology scenario in Latin America and Caribbean. Efforts should be made to improve diagnostic capabilities and equalize regional disparities.

    Diego Falci, MD, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil and Alessandro Pasqualotto, MD, Universidade Federal de Ciencias da Saude de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Disclosures:

    D. Falci, None

    A. Pasqualotto, None

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. PDT, Wednesday Oct. 3rd with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.