972. Asymptomatic Carriage of Clostridiodes difficile and Risk of Subsequent Infection
Session: Oral Abstract Session: Healthcare Epidemiology: The Poop Pager and Other Novel Perspectives on C. difficile in the Healthcare Setting
Friday, October 5, 2018: 10:30 AM
Room: S 156
Background: C.difficile is one of the most common healthcare-associated infections in the US. Studies of patients with asymptomatic carriage of toxigenic C. difficile have reported conflicting results on the risk of subsequent C. difficile Infection (CDI). Older studies suggest that the risk was low and colonization may be protective. Subsequent studies indicate that asymptomatic carriers have a 6-fold greater risk of developing CDI. The aims of our study were to assess the burden of asymptomatic C. difficile carriage and risk of subsequent CDI.

Methods: Adult inpatients at NorthShore University HealthSystem, IL hospitals between 1 August 2017 and 28 February 2018 were eligible for the study. Focused admission screening of patients at high risk of C. difficile carriage was performed: 1. history of CDI or colonization, 2. prior hospitalization past 2 months or 3. admission from a long-term care facility. A rectal swab was collected and tested using the cobas® Cdif Test (Roche) real-time PCR. The development of hospital onset CDI (HO-CDI) in colonized patients was monitored prospectively for at least 2 months. HO-CDI testing of colonized patients was performed using the Cepheid GeneXpert RT-PCR. HO-CDI was defined as patients hospitalized for at least 72 hours with 3 or more episodes of diarrhea/24 hours, in the absence of other potential causes of diarrhea. Patient demographics were collected using a standardized form and data analyzed using VassarStats.

Results: There were 6,104 patients enrolled in the study and 528 (8.7%) were positive on admission for toxigenic C. difficile carriage. The mean age of colonized patients was 75.5 years (range 24 -103) and 56.4% (298 patients) were females. Of 528 colonized patients, 21 (4%) had a positive CDI test. A total of 7 patients (1.3%) developed HO-CDI. Mean time to positive HO-CDI was 46.1 days (range 5-120 days). Of 5576 patients that were negative for C difficile carriage on admission, 14 (0.3%) patients developed HO-CDI. The relative risk of HO-CDI was 5.28 (95% CI: 2.14-13.03, p=0.05).

Conclusion: We found that 8.7% of at-risk admissions were asymptomatic toxigenic C. difficile carriers. While only 1.3% developed HO-CDI, asymptomatic carriers had a 5 times higher risk of subsequent CDI compared with non-carriers.

Katrina Espiritu, MPH1, Michael Vernon, DrPH1, Donna Schora, MT(ASCP)2, Lance Peterson, MD2 and Kamaljit Singh, MD3, (1)Infection Prevention, Evanston Hospital/NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, IL, (2)NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, IL, (3)Pathology, Evanston Hospital/NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, IL

Disclosures:

K. Espiritu, None

M. Vernon, None

D. Schora, None

L. Peterson, None

K. Singh, None

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