649. The Clinical Significance of Sequence Type 17 of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Pathogenesis and Immune Response
Thursday, October 4, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Posters
  • 180927_감염내과_문석준(천) 243x122 수정.pdf (2.1 MB)
  • Background: Sequence type (ST) 17 of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) is known to be associated with nosocomial isolates. However, there is no evidence of the effect of ST17 VREF on the patient`s clinical outcome. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to identify ST17 VREF would contribute to developing subsequent bacteremia among VREF-colonized patients.

    Methods: VREF-colonized patients and its non-repetitive rectal VREF isolates were collected between March 2014 and February 2015. Subsequent bacteremia event within one year after colonization was reviewed from electronic medical records. ST were identified by multi-locus sequence typing. Cohort was defined as VREF with ST17 or non-ST17. Multivariable cox regression model was used to adjust effect of ST17 for developing subsequent bacteremia. If available, pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was conducted to compare similarity between rectal and blood VREF isolates.

    Results: 52 patients with ST17 and 169 patients with non-ST17 VREF carriage were included in each Cohort. There were 6 cases and 10 cases of subsequent bacteremia in cohorts ST17 and non-ST17, and 1-year VREF bacteremia free rates were 85.9% and 90.2%, respectively. There was no significant difference of subsequent bacteremia (P = 0.257) in log-rank test. However, after adjusted in multivariable models, VREF ST 17 was associated with subsequent bacteremia (adjusted relative risk, 4.02; 95% CI, 1.32-12.29, P=0.015). Of 16 patients who had developed to subsequent VREF bacteremia, twelve VREF blood isolates could be analyzed. Only 6 cases (50%) of rectal and blood isolates had identical ST, whereas all available ST17 VREF cases (4 cases) had identical ST and PFGE pattern (Figure 1-2). Patients who had identical ST isolates had shorter time difference than those who had non-identical ST isolates (P = 0.041).

    Conclusion: In our study, ST17 VREF was risk factors of subsequent bacteremia and the strain that showed strong concordance between rectal and blood isolates. Further study is needed to improve clinical outcome of patients carrying VREF using genotype data of rectal VREF isolates.

    Figure 1.

    Figure 2.

    Si-Ho Kim, MD1, Sun Young Cho, MD1,2, Hye Mee Kim, MS3, Suhyun Oh, MD1, Sukbin Jang, MD1, Seokjun Mun, MD1, Kyungmin Huh, MD1, Cheol-In Kang, MD1, Kyong Ran Peck, MD1 and Doo Ryun Chung, MD PhD1,2,3, (1)Division of Infectious Diseases, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South), (2)Center for Infection Prevention and Control, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South), (3)Asia Pacific Foundation for Infectious Diseases, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South)

    Disclosures:

    S. H. Kim, None

    S. Y. Cho, None

    H. M. Kim, None

    S. Oh, None

    S. Jang, None

    S. Mun, None

    K. Huh, None

    C. I. Kang, None

    K. R. Peck, None

    D. R. Chung, None

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