1249. Emergence of diverse Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in the Dominican Republic
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Healthcare Epidemiology: Outbreaks
Friday, October 5, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
  • IDweek_acu_2018_rr_v2.pdf (1.4 MB)
  • Background: Despite the global threat of CRE, data from resource-limited regions such as the Dominican Republic (DR) are limited. A lack of novel antibiotics and molecular diagnostic tools for outbreak detection, coupled with the role of travel in circulating CRE to and from the DR represent significant challenges to limiting their spread. Here, we report the first molecular characterization of DR CRE isolates and compared them to geographically diverse CRE.

    Methods: Isolates from DR (1 Citrobacter freundii, 3 Klebsiella pneumoniae), obtained from patients with bacteremia (1) and pneumonia (3), were compared to CRE from a New York City hospital in a Dominican neighborhood, including isolates (2 Enterobacter cloacae, 1. K. pneumoniae) from a patient transferred to NYC from another DR institution. Whole genome sequencing was used to determine multi-locus sequence type (MLST) and resistance gene profiles. Phylogenetic analyses of isolates with same ST were performed.

    Results: Isolates from the DR and the Dominican patient were of unique genomic backgrounds including pandemic (K. pneumoniae ST11) and novel sequence types, and harbored either blaKPC-2 or blaKPC-3 (Table 1). Replicon typing suggested that these carbapenemase genes were located on distinct plasmids. Phylogenetic analyses using the NYC collection of ~400 sequenced CRE isolates indicated that DR and NYC K. pneumoniae ST307 isolates were related (33 SNPs). Further review showed that both patients had recent admissions in Puerto Rico (PR), highlighting the role of regional spread. K. pneumoniae ST11 isolates from DR and NYC, on the other hand, were not found to be closely related (1418-1440 SNPs).

    Conclusion: Genotyping of DR CRE isolates revealed a high genomic diversity, suggesting multiple introductions. Phylogenetics of K pneumoniae ST307 place these within a global context, demonstrating links across the Caribbean and North America. International surveillance studies integrating genomics are needed to track and limit the spread of CRE in resource-limited settings such as DR.

    Table 1. Comparison of DR isolates





    K. pneumoniae






    NYC, DR patient



    DR, travel to PR

    Novel ST



    C. freundii




    E. cloacae



    NYC, DR patient

    Rita Rojas Fermin, MD1, Nenad Macesic, MBBS2, Gilda Tolari, MD3, Anel Guzman, PhD3, Medini Annavajhala, PhD2 and Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, MD, PhD2, (1)Infectious Diseases, Hospital General Plaza de la Salud (HGPS), Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, (2)Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, (3)Department of Microbiology, Hospital General Plaza de la Salud (HGPS), Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic


    R. Rojas Fermin, None

    N. Macesic, None

    G. Tolari, None

    A. Guzman, None

    M. Annavajhala, None

    A. C. Uhlemann, Merck: Investigator , Grant recipient .

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. PDT, Wednesday Oct. 3rd with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.