2182. Perceived Impact of Mandatory Reporting of Healthcare-Associated Infections on Infection Prevention and Control Departments in Acute Care Hospitals
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Healthcare Epidemiology: HAI Surveillance
Saturday, October 6, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
  • Mandatory Reporting Abstract.pptx.pdf (314.5 kB)
  • Background: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) requires hospitals to report healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) through the Hospital Inpatient Quality Reporting Program. Facilitated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN), mandatory reporting aims to improve quality by benchmarking and improving transparency. In addition, the majority of US states have policies in place for mandatory reporting of HAIs in acute care hospitals. The aim of this study was to examine Infection Preventionists’ perceptions of the impact of mandatory reporting on infection prevention and control (IPC) departments.

    Methods: In Winter of 2018, we electronically surveyed IPs working in acute care hospitals. The survey was distributed by the Association of Professionals in Infection Prevention and Epidemiology (APIC) to its members via an initial email and weekly e-blasts over a 6-week period. Descriptive statistics were conducted and themes from open-ended questions were analyzed to describe IP perceptions of mandatory reporting.

    Results: There were 255 IPs who completed the survey; 187 IPs provided responses in the mandatory reporting section. Half (53%) reported that mandatory reporting resulted in more influence of the IPC department on hospital decision making and 38% reported increased visibility. The most important benefit of mandatory reporting was increased awareness of IPC for hospital administrators (42%), followed by transparency of outcomes for patients and providers (28%). However, a third of IPs reported less time for staff education and routine IPC activities. IPs also reported an increased workload and lack of action based on the results of the reports as drawbacks of reporting mandates.

    Conclusion: According to IPs, mandatory reporting has resulted in increased visibility and awareness of IPC in acute care hospitals, however, some drawbacks were also identified. Given CMS and state mandates for HAI reporting, policy makers need to be attuned to additional demands placed on hospitals to comply with mandatory reporting processes. Future research should aim to examine whether IPC departments have sufficient resources to comply with these regulatory policies and ways in which to improve the reporting process.

    Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz, PhD, MPH, Thomas Jefferson University, College of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA and Pamela De Cordova, PhD, RN-BC, Rutgers, the State Univeristy of New Jersey School of Nursing, Newark, NJ


    M. Pogorzelska-Maziarz, None

    P. De Cordova, None

    Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. PDT, Wednesday Oct. 3rd with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.