1502. Identifying Risk Factors for Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections among Female Outpatients
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Urinary Tract Infection
Friday, October 5, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Background: Up to 44% of women who experience a urinary tract infection (UTI) develop a recurrent infection (rUTI) within one year. Insufficient evidence about risk factors for recurrence limits clinicians’ ability to identify women at risk for rUTI who may benefit from further interventions.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women age ≥ 18 years who presented for treatment of a UTI at Oregon Health & Science University ambulatory care clinics between 2011-2016. Pregnant women as well as those with a recent urinary catheter, genitourinary (GU) procedure, or hospitalization were excluded. The outcome was defined as the first episode of rUTI within one year of an index UTI. Demographics, biologically relevant comorbidities, and the antibiotic prescribed to treat the index UTI were evaluated as potential risk factors for first rUTI using multivariable logistic regression. A best subsets approach was used to determine the most parsimonious model.

Results: 3,632 patients met inclusion criteria. The mean age of the cohort was 50 ± 20 years and 12% had a diabetes diagnosis. To treat their index UTI, 36% of women were prescribed fluoroquinolones, 33% sulfamethoxazole and/or trimethoprim, and 25% nitrofurantoin. Over the study period, the cumulative incidence of first rUTI was 16% (95% confidence interval (CI): 15.3%, 17.7%); 35% (95% CI: 31%, 39%) of these patients had >1 rUTI. Our model identified age (Odds ratio (OR): 1.02; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.02), urban residence (OR: 1.78; 95% CI: 1.28, 2.57), and neurologic disease diagnosis (OR: 1.46; 95% CI: 1.13, 1.89) affecting GU function (e.g., multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injury) as significant, independent risk factors of first rUTI after adjusting for the confounding effects of diabetes, obesity, and history of stroke or other cerebrovascular disease.

Conclusion: Diagnosis of neurologic disease that impacts GU function, age, and urban residence were identified as significant risk factors for first rUTI. The antibiotic selected to treat patients’ index UTI was not a significant risk factor for first rUTI. Future studies are needed to identify risk factors beyond what is currently captured discretely in the electronic health record to address critical gaps in our understanding of risk factors for rUTI.

Brittany Morgan, MPH Candidate1, Gregory B. Tallman, PharmD, MS2, Miriam R. Elman, MPH, MS3, David T. Bearden, PharmD2,4 and Jessina C. McGregor, PhD1,2, (1)Oregon Health & Science University-Portland State University School of Public Health, Portland, OR, (2)Dept. of Pharmacy Practice, Oregon State University/Oregon Health & Science University College of Pharmacy, Portland, OR, (3)Biostatistics and Design Program, Oregon Health & Science University-Portland State University School of Public Health, Portland, OR, (4)Dept. of Pharmacy Services, Oregon Health & Science University Hospitals and Clinics, Portland, OR

Disclosures:

B. Morgan, None

G. B. Tallman, None

M. R. Elman, None

D. T. Bearden, None

J. C. McGregor, Merck: Grant Investigator , Research grant .

Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. PDT, Wednesday Oct. 3rd with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.