552. Evaluation of Relationships between UGT1A1 Genotypes and Cabotegravir Long-Acting Injection Pharmacokinetics among HIV-infected subjects in the LATTE-2 Study
Session: Poster Abstract Session: HIV: Antiretroviral Therapy
Thursday, October 4, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Background: Cabotegravir (CAB), an HIV integrase inhibitor primarily metabolized by UGT1A1, is in development as an oral tablet and long-acting (LA) intramuscular (IM) injection for the treatment and prevention of HIV infection. CAB LA has a prolonged absorption phase, typical of flip-flop PK, which yields prolonged drug exposure compared to oral administration. Genetic variation in UGT1A1 affects enzymatic activity, impacting drug exposure. A previous analysis in healthy and HIV infected subjects demonstrated that UGT1A1 genotypes conferring poor metabolizer status were significantly associated with steady-state oral CAB PK parameters, with ~1.5, 1.4 and 1.3-fold increases in mean Cτ, AUC, and Cmax, respectively, in subjects with low versus normal genetically predicted UGT1A1 activity. These increases are not considered clinically relevant. This analysis evaluated the impact of UGT1A1 genotypes on CAB PK in subjects who received both oral CAB and CAB LA in the LATTE-2 study.

Methods: DNA was genotyped for UGT1A1 in 215 HIV-infected subjects with PGx consent who received CAB LA every 4 or 8 weeks in LATTE-2. UGT1A1 variants (*6, *28, *36 and *37) were used to classify subjects with genetically predicted UGT1A1 low (n=33), reduced (n=100), or normal (n=82) enzyme activity. Genetically predicted enzyme activity was assessed for association with CAB LA PK parameters at Study Weeks 32 and 48. Covariates of age, weight, treatment regimen, BMI and gender were considered, and linear regression models were applied with adjustment for significant covariates. The impact of UGT1A1 genotypes on oral and LA plasma CAB concentrations was descriptively analyzed.

Results: Genetically predicted UGT1A1 activity was statistically associated with CAB LA Cτ, AUC(0-τ), and Cmax (p<0.05) at Study Weeks 32 and 48. Mean LA PK parameters increased approximately 1.2-fold in subjects with low vs. normal genetically predicted UGT1A1 activity. The impact of UGT1A1 genotypes was smaller than observed for oral CAB.

Conclusion: UGT1A1 reduced function polymorphisms as anticipated had less impact on CAB PK following LA IM administration versus oral CAB in HIV-infected patients with no requirement for CAB dose adjustment for either formulation due to UGT1A1 polymorphisms.

Zhengyu Xue, MS1, Karen S. King, BSc1, Susan L. Ford, PharmD2, Yu Lou, MS3, Kalpana K. Bakshi, MS4, David A. Margolis, MD, MPH4, Arlene R Hughes, PhD1, William R. Spreen, PharmD4 and Parul Patel, PharmD4, (1)Genomic Medicine, PAREXEL International, Research Triangle Park, NC, (2)Clinical Pharmacology Modelling and Simulation, GlaxoSmithKline, ResearchTriangle Park, NC, (3)Clinical Statistics, PAREXEL International, Research Triangle Park, NC, (4)ViiV Healthcare, Research Triangle Park, NC


Z. Xue, None

K. S. King, None

S. L. Ford, None

Y. Lou, None

K. K. Bakshi, None

D. A. Margolis, None

A. R. Hughes, None

W. R. Spreen, None

P. Patel, None

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