Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients admitted to the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania with infective endocarditis (IE) and OUD from July 2016 to June 2017. Patients were identified via ICD-10 codes for infective endocarditis and substance use.
Results: Among the 669 admissions for patients with a diagnosis of OUD, 37 had IE (33 unique patients). 73% of those required valve replacement surgery. Mean length of stay was 32 days (IQR 16, 49), 10% left against medical advice. The overall readmission rate was 55%. The most common valves involved were tricuspid with 20 (54 %), and 10 aortic (27%). On discharge, only 6 (18%) of the patients were discharged on Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT), 14 (38%) were discharged with prescriptions for narcotics, and zero for naloxone. HIV testing was not performed on 7 (21%) patients and 1 patient was HIV positive. 23 (70%) patients were antibody positive for HCV, 7 (21%) were antibody negative, 3 (9%) were not tested. S. aureus was the causal pathogen in 25 (76%) cases, with 7 (19%) being methicillin resistant.
Conclusion: The lack of a systematic approach to management of patients with OUD admitted for endocarditis represents a missed opportunity to improve the care and outcomes of patients with OUD in regards to withdrawal, relapse prevention and harm reduction. We designed, implemented and started to evauate an intervention to initiate MAT in conjuction with the managament of the infectious diseases complications and a standardized approach to screening these patients for HIV, hepatitis B/C and offering PrEP, HIV therapy, and/or HCV therapy where appropriate.
P. Tebas, None