544. Pharmacokinetic profile of ibalizumab from a Phase 3 trial
Session: Poster Abstract Session: HIV: Antiretroviral Therapy
Thursday, October 4, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Background: Ibalizumab (IBA) is a long-acting humanized monoclonal antibody that binds domain 2 of the CD4 receptor and blocks HIV-1 infection of host cells. TMB-301 was a 24-week, Phase 3 clinical trial conducted in 40 heavily treatment-experienced patients with multidrug resistant (MDR) HIV-1 investigating the safety, efficacy and tolerability of IBA. Patients received a 2000 mg IBA loading dose followed by 800 mg every 2 weeks by intravenous infusion plus an optimized background regimen. Viral load <50 and <200 HIV RNA copies/mL was achieved in 43% and 50% of patients, respectively at Week 25.

We determined the pharmacokinetic profile of IBA, i.e., serum concentrations, CD4 receptor occupancy (RO), and CD4 receptor density (RD), in these patients with MDR HIV-1.

Methods: Pre- and post-dose blood samples collected at various time points during trial were used to determine IBA serum concentrations, CD4 RO and RD at trough. IBA serum concentrations were measured using a validated ELISA. IBA bound to CD4+ T cells (RO) and cell surface CD4 levels (RD) were measured simultaneously by flow cytometry using the Molecules of Equivalent Soluble Fluorescence approach.

Results: The maximum IBA serum concentrations were observed immediately after the end of the 2000 mg infusion with mean (SD) of 567 (235) μg/mL. Steady state was reached at Week 4 after the loading dose. The mean IBA concentrations were >30 μg/mL throughout the dosing period. Both Cpeak and Ctrough (Day 7 and Week 25 IBA concentrations) were decreased with increased body weight. The median Ctrough in the high body weight group (≥85 kg) was 0.23 μg/mL.

The mean RO was >85% throughout the dosing period. The 2000 mg loading dose helped to reach >85% RO after the initial dose and maintain high levels of RO throughout the dosing period. Elevation in RO was generally associated with increased IBA serum concentrations; concentrations ≥0.13 μg/mL supported ≥85% CD4 RO.

After IBA administration, down-modulation of surface CD4 receptors by up to 20% was observed. There was no apparent association between IBA serum concentration and RD probably due to high inter-individual variation.

Conclusion: Dosing regimen of 2000 mg loading dose followed by 800 mg every 2 weeks was sufficient to support high levels of RO and to maintain the drug concentration above the therapeutic level.

Princy N. Kumar, MD, FIDSA1, Steven Weinheimer, PhD2, Zvi Cohen, PhD3, Christian Marsolais, PhD3, Kuei-Ling Kuo, PhD4 and Stanley Lewis, MD2, (1)Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, (2)TaiMed Biologics USA, Irvine, CA, (3)Theratechnologies Inc, Montreal, QC, Canada, (4)TaiMed Biologics, Taipei City, Taiwan


P. N. Kumar, TheraTechnologies: Consultant and Investigator , Consulting fee and Research grant . ViiV: Consultant , Investigator and Shareholder , Research grant and Speaker honorarium . Merck: Investigator and Shareholder , Research grant . Gilead: Consultant , Investigator and Shareholder , Consulting fee and Research grant .

S. Weinheimer, TaiMed Biologics: Employee , Salary .

Z. Cohen, Theratechnologies Inc: Employee , Salary .

C. Marsolais, Theratechnologies Inc: Employee , Salary .

K. L. Kuo, TaiMed Biologics Taiwan: Employee , Salary .

S. Lewis, TaiMed Biologics: Employee , Salary .

Findings in the abstracts are embargoed until 12:01 a.m. PDT, Wednesday Oct. 3rd with the exception of research findings presented at the IDWeek press conferences.