1404. A Pharmacokinetic study on CMS and Colistin and its impact on clinical cure and acute kidney injury in critically ill patients with normal renal function from south India
Session: Poster Abstract Session: PK/PD Studies
Friday, October 5, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Posters
  • IDWEEK colistin poster_TSP pdf.pdf (555.2 kB)
  • Background: Colistin has re-emerged as last line antimicrobial to combat MDR GNB.There is need for robust pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) data to guide dosing. This study assessed the PK of CMS and colistin and its impact on clinical cure (CC) and acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients with normal baseline renal function.

    Methods: Adult critically ill patients with colistin susceptible MDR/XDR infections and normal renal function who were treated with intravenous CMS (9MU CMS loading dose (LD) followed by maintenance (MD) 3MU every 8 hour starting 24 hours after LD) were recruited into this prospective observational study. For PK sampling, 3ml venous blood was drawn immediately before LD and at 0.5,1,2,4,8 and 12 hours after LD. During MD, samples were collected before and at 1, 2 and 8 hours after the 8th and 9th infusion. Colistin plasma concentrations were determined by LC-MS.

    Results: 280 serum samples were analyzed from 20 patients. 60% had pneumonia. Predominant pathogens were Klebsiella pneumonia (12) and Acinetobacter spp (8). Mean creatinine clearance (CrCl) was 115±24 ml/min (72.3-208.8). All patients received combination therapy with colistin, 18(90%) received meropenem and 5(25%) received tigecycline. Clinical cure rate was 50% (10/20) and mortality rate was 25% (5/20). Mean LD colistin Cmax were 3±1.1 mg/L (1.75-5.14) and 2.37±1.2mg/L (1.52-5.54) among CC and CF groups respectively (p=0.13). MD colistin Css avg was 2.25±1.3 mg/L and 1.78±1.1 mg/L in CC and CF groups respectively.The mean AUC0-24/MIC ratio of MD colistin was 92.76±65.5 and 76.59± 51.8 for CC and CF groups respectively (p=0.27). In pneumonia, AUC0-24/MIC for Acinetobacter spp was higher in the CC (71.18±10.20) than in the CF group (40.88±16.28) (p=0.05). Renal injury was 5% at 7 days and 40% at end of therapy. 10-20% of patients with CrCl ≥ 100 ml/min had Css avg ≥ 2mg/L. Majority of CF with AKI had Css avg between 1 to 1.5mg/L

    Conclusion: Clinical cure was low at 50%. Sub-inhibitory Css avg and increased volume of distribution following MD could have contributed to high failure. Colistin exposures were similar to those reported in other published cohorts with no consistent exposure-response relationship. Based on these results, there is an important role for therapeutic drug monitoring with Colistin.

    Vidya Menon, MD, FACP1, Sangita Sudhir, PharmD2, Merlin Moni, MD3, Dipu Ts, MD3, Zubair Mohammed, MD3, Sabarish Balachandran, MD3, Sanjeev Singh, DCH, MD, PhD4, Payal Patel, MD, MPH5 and Keith S. Kaye, MD, MPH6, (1)General Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, India, (2)Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, India, (3)Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, India, (4)Medical Administration, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, India, (5)III-I (Infectious Diseases), Ann Arbor VA, Ann Arbor, MI, (6)Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI

    Disclosures:

    V. Menon, None

    S. Sudhir, None

    M. Moni, None

    D. Ts, None

    Z. Mohammed, None

    S. Balachandran, None

    S. Singh, None

    P. Patel, None

    K. S. Kaye, None

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