515. Estimating the Effect of Proton Pump Inhibitor Stewardship in Reducing Clostridium difficile Transmission
Session: Poster Abstract Session: Healthcare Epidemiology: Updates in C. difficile
Thursday, October 4, 2018
Room: S Poster Hall
Background: Antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) have been successful in reducing the incidence of Clostridium difficile (CDI) by reducing patient exposure to antibiotics, especially fluoroquinolones. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), while less pronounced as a risk factor for CDI, are widespread in their use, often for much longer durations than most courses of antibiotics. PPI stewardship may be a potential target for ASPs.

Methods: We used a mathematical model of C. difficile transmission in an ICU to estimate the effects of a co-occurring antibiotic and PPI stewardship program. This approach captured any synergistic dynamics between the two interventions (e.g. patients taking both PPIs and antibiotics) while being able to independently estimate their effects. This model simulated for five years and 5000 iterations, with the reduction in antibiotic and PPI use independently varied independently between 0% and 40%. The rates of C. difficile were then estimated using Poisson regression models accounting for admission volume.

Results: Both antibiotic and PPI stewardship reduced the number of incident C. difficile cases within the simulated ICU. A 30% decrease in fluoroquinolone use corresponded with a 21.9% decrease in incident C. difficile cases (p < 0.001), while a 30% decrease in PPI use corresponded with a 9.1% reduction (p < 0.001) in incident cases. There was no evidence of a synergistic effect between the two interventions (p=0.60). PPI stewardship also decreased length of stay, resulting in a 7% increase in admissions in the simulated ICUs (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: PPI stewardship might prove a valuable adjunct to existing antibiotic stewardship programs. The reductions in C. difficile transmission were more modest for PPI stewardship as compared to programs targeting fluoroquinolones. PPI stewardship, however, may reach different patient populations, and may represent an additional area for substantial improvement even in facilities that have made substantial gains in reducing fluoroquinolone use.

Eric Lofgren, MSPH, PhD, Washington State University, Pullman, WA and Rebekah W. Moehring, MD, MPH, Division of Infectious Diseases, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC


E. Lofgren, None

R. W. Moehring, None

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